John Hooper, an English prelate, born in Somersetshire about 1495, executed in Gloucester, Feb. 9, 1555. He was educated at Oxford, and became a Cistercian monk. Returning to Oxford, ho embraced the doctrines of the reformation, but in 1539 accepted the appointment of chaplain to Sir John Arundel, which he was obliged to relinquish when his Protestant views were discovered. He then went to France, and afterward returned secretly to England; but being recognized he escaped to Ireland, and thence passed over to the continent, remaining in Switzerland until the accession of Edward VI., when he went back to England and preached the reformation in London. In 1550 he was nominated to the see of Gloucester, but refusing to wear the episcopal robes or to swear obedience to the metropolitan, and declaiming violently from the pulpit against the habits, the ordinal, and the council, he was imprisoned in the Fleet, Jan. 27, 1551. After two months' confinement his objections were overcome. Fourteen months later he received the bishopric of Worcester in commendam, in addition to that of Gloucester. On the accession of Queen Mary he was one of the first to suffer. He was deprived of his see, and in July, 1553, was cast into the Fleet prison.
On Jan. 28, 1555, he was summoned with five other reformed clergymen before a spiritual court over which Gardiner presided. One of the prisoners recanted; one begged for time; Hooper, Rogers, Saunders, and Taylor replied that their consciences forbade them to subscribe to the doctrines established by law, and they were consequently excommunicated and condemned to the stake. Hooper met his fate with firmness. A collection of his works in 2 vols. 8vo was issued by the Parker society in 1843 and 1852.