Jewel, Or Jewell, John, an English bishop, born at Buden, Devonshire, May 24, 1522, died at Monkton Farleigh, Wiltshire, Sept. 22,1571. He finished his education at Oxford, became tutor there, and labored assiduously to disseminate the principles of the reformation among his pupils, but did not make a public profession of Protestantism till after the accession of Edward VI. He was expelled from Oxford in the reign of Mary, fled to the continent to escape imprisonment, and at the invitation of Peter Martyr went to Strasburg, where he for some time assisted in conducting a collegiate institution. On the death of Mary, Jewel returned to England, and was one of the eight divines appointed by Elizabeth to hold a controversy at Westminster with a similar number of Catholics. In 1559 he was placed on the commission to extinguish Catholicism in the western dioceses of England, and on Jan. 21, 1560, was consecrated bishop of Salisbury. The most famous of his works is his Apologia Ecclesm Anglicanae (1562), of which Elizabeth ordered a copy to be chained in every parish church.