Joseph George Strossmayer, a Croato-Slavo-nian prelate, born in Eszek, Feb. 4, 1815. He was educated at Pesth, Vienna, and Padua, and became bishop of the united sees of Bosnia and Sirmia, May 20, 1850. At the Vatican council he strenuously maintained the inop-portuneness of defining the doctrine of pontifical infallibility. He was represented as having delivered a violent opposition speech in one of the sessions, the text of which was reproduced by several journals; but in 1872 he addressed a letter to the Francais denying the authenticity of this speech, and affirming that he "never said one word during the entire council which could in any way diminish the authority of the holy see, or tend to promote discord in the church." He is known as a zealous champion of Slavic autonomy, and a munificent promoter of Slavic culture. In 1875 he published a pastoral letter on the occasion of his 25th anniversary as bishop, declining a public manifestation in his honor, " while the fellow countrymen of the Croats across the frontier are shedding their blood for liberty, and Christian charity makes it a dutv to aid the widows and orphans of the fallen".