Joseph Joachim, a German violinist, born of Jewish parents at Kittsee, near Presburg, Hungary, July 15, 1831. He received his first instruction on the violin from Helmes-berger and Bohm at the Vienna conservatory. So rapid was his progress that he was permitted to play when only 11 years of age at a Gewandhaus concert in Leipsic. He performed at Leipsic during many succeeding seasons, and always with indications of progress and increasing talent. In 1850 he accepted, at the solicitation of Liszt, the post of concert master at Weimar. Three years later he exchanged this situation for a similar one at Hanover, where he still resides. He makes frequent visits to England, Holland, and Belgium, and occupies perhaps the foremost rank among living violinists. His chief points of excellence as a performer are purity and fulness of tone, perfect intonation, absolute mastery of all the technical difficulties of the instrument, and the closest sympathy with the classical composers whose works he interprets. His reluctance to appear in public has led to his declining all offers for a concert tour in the United States. He has composed both for violin and orchestra, but his fame rests on his qualities as a player rather than on the merits of his compositions.