Karl Joseph Von Hefele, a German historian, born at Unterkochen, Wurtemberg, March 15, 1809. He studied at Ellwangen and Ehingen, graduated in 1834 at the university of Tubingen, and became in 1840 professor of theology there, lecturing successively on church history, Christian archaeology, and patristics. From 1842 to 1845 he was a member of the Wurtemberg chamber of deputies. He was consecrated bishop of Rottenburg in 1869, and in the council of the Vatican maintained the inopportune-ness of defining the pope's official infallibility, but accepted the doctrine when it was defined. He has strenuously opposed the new legislation in Germany relating to the religious orders and the relations of church and state. His most important works are: Die Einfahrung des Christenthums im sudwestlichen Deutschland (Tubingen, 1837); Patrum Apostolicorum Opera (1839; 4th ed., 1855); Das Sendschreiben des Apostels Barnabas (1840); Der Cardinal Ximenes und die Kirchlichen Zustande Spa-niens im 15. Jahrhundert (2 vols., 1844; 2d ed., 1851; English translation by Canon Dalton, London, 1800); Chrysostomus-Postille, selections from Chrysostom (1845-'57); Concilien-gescliichte (7 vols., Freiburg, 1855-'74; English translation of part i. by W. R. Clark, Edinburgh, 1871); Beitrdge zur Kirchenge-schichte, Archdologie und Liturgik (2 vols., 1864-'5); and Die Honorivs-Frage (1870).