Lindley Murbay, an English grammarian, born at Swatara, Lancaster co., Pa., in 1745, died near York, England, Feb. 10, 1826. He received his primary education in Philadelphia, in the academy of the society of Friends; in 1753 he was placed for a time in school in New York, and then entered a counting house, being destined for the mercantile profession. He afterward studied law, was admitted to the bar, and his practice soon became extensive. When the revolutionary war broke out, he retired to the country on account of his health, and there remained four years. But the want of pecuniary means compelling him to return, he engaged in mercantile pursuits, and by the close of the war his fortune had become so ample that he was enabled to retire from business. Impaired health soon induced him to go to England with his family, where he purchased an estate at Holdgate, near York, and occupied himself chiefly with literary pursuits. In 1787 his first work, "The Power of Religion on the Mind," was published anonymously. His "Grammar of the English Language," first issued in 1795, and enlarged and improved in successive editions, for many years superseded all others.

In 1797 he published "English Exercises," and a "Key" designed to accompany the grammar; and subsequently an " English Reader," an "Introduction to the English Reader," and an " English Spelling Book." He also published French reading books of a character similar to his English ones. His last publication was a selection from Home's "Commentary on the Psalms," and "The Duty and Benefits of Reading the Scriptures" (1817). His autobiography, finished in 1809, was published posthumously in 1826.