Louis Joseph Papeveau, a Canadian politician, born near Montreal in October, 1789, died at Montebello, near Quebec, Sept. 23, 1871. He was admitted to the bar, but never practised. At the age of 22 he entered the provincial parliament, and in 1815 was elected speaker of the house. He was the leader of the radical party, and in order to neutralize his influence, the governor general, Lord Dal-housie, appointed him one of the executive council; but he never appeared at its sittings, and continued his opposition to the government. In 1823 he went to England to remonstrate against the union of Upper and Lower Canada. In 1827 he was reelected to the house and rechosen speaker. Rather than sanction this choice, Lord Dalhousie adjourned the parliament, and it was not till 1828 that Papineau could take his seat. He prepared a list of the demands and grievances of his countrymen, which was introduced to the house in 1834 by B6dard, and known afterward as the 92 resolutions. After supporting them in the house, at the close of the session he went through the country urging a constitutional resistance to the imperial government.
He advised the colonists not to vote subsidies for more than six months, and this measure was carried out in the session of 1836; but the new governor, Lord Gosford, vetoed it, and decided upon administering the province without the assistance of parliament. While the other provinces were conciliated by concessions and favors, Lower Canada was threatened with harsh measures. Papineau strenuously advocated peaceful resistance, but the libera] party took up arms, and he was not heeded. He remained with the rebels, but did not share in their military operations. As the engagements of St. Denis, St. Charles, and St. Eustache, in November and December, 1837, had demonstrated the futility of armed resistance, and as his arrest for high treason was ordered, he took refuge in the United States, and afterward lived in Paris eight years, engaged in literary pursuits. In 1847 he returned, under the general amnesty of 1840, was again elected to parliament, retired in 1854, and thereafter took no part in public affairs.