Magalhaens (Port. Magalhaes), Domingos Jose Goncalves de, a Brazilian poet, born in Rio de Janeiro about 1810. After taking his doctor's degree he went to Europe, and was in 1836 attache of the Brazilian legation at Paris. He returned to Rio in 1838, and became professor of philosophy and member of the chamber of deputies. Subsequently he was minister at Naples and Turin, and from 1859 to 1867 at Vienna. He is at the head of the national school of Brazilian poetry. His Poesias (Rio de Janeiro, 1832) adhere to classical models, but in his metaphysical Mysteries and other subsequent works he imitates the romantic poets of France. He is the first author of Brazilian historical tragedies (Antonio Jose and Olgiato, 1838-'9). His masterpiece is the lyric poem, A Confederacao dos Tamoyos (1857), referring to the foundation of Rio de Janeiro and to the early conflicts of the Portuguese with the Tamoyos and other Indian tribes.

Among his later works is Urania, a collection of love songs (Vienna, 1862).