Manuel Jose Quintana, a Spanish poet, born in Madrid, April 11, 1772, died there, March 11, 1857. He was educated at Salamanca and practised law for a time at Madrid; but he soon turned his attention to letters. His tragedy of El duque de Viseo (1801), imitated from "The Castle Spectre" of M. G. Lewis, was not successful. In 1802 he produced a small volume of lyric poems, the patriotic spirit of which immediately brought them into favor; and in 1805 he placed upon the stage his Pelayo, intended to rouse his countrymen to resist foreign oppression, which was equally well received. His Vidas de los Espaiñoles célebres (3 vols. 8vo, 1807-'34), and Poesias selectas casti-llanas (3 vols. 8vo, 1808), with critical notes, were prepared with the same patriotic motive. At the outbreak of the rising against the French in 1808 he published his Odas a España libre, and, both through the press and as secretary to the cortes and the regency, exerted himself to the utmost in behalf of his country; but after the return of Ferdinand VII. from France in 1814, Quintana was confined for more than six years in the fortress of Pamplona. He was delivered by the revolution of 1820, and after its overthrow in 1823 he remained in Estrema-dura until the accession of Isabella II., whose education he superintended.

In 1835 he was created a senator, and in 1855 crowned by the queen with laurel. His complete works have been published in Rivadeneyra's Biblioteca de autores españoles (1852).