Marco Minghetti, an Italian statesman, born in Bologna, Sept. 8, 1818. He early became known as a lecturer on political economy and advocate of free trade, and as a journalist. In 1848 he was for a short time minister of public works at Rome, but he left the service of Pius IX. to enlist in the Sardinian army, in which he rose to be major. He assisted Ca-vour at the congress of Paris in 185G, and published in 1859 Delia economia pubblica e delle sue attinenze con la morale e col diritto. He was next secretary general in the ministry of foreign affairs, and subsequently, as a member and president of the assembly of the Romagnas, he was active in the annexation of those provinces to the dominions of Victor Emanuel. Afterward he represented Bologna in the national parliament. Shortly before Cavour's death he became minister of the interior, and retained that office for a short time under Ricasoli. From 18(53 to 18G8 he was premier and minister of finance; and after being minister to England he accepted in 1869 the portfolio of agriculture, and in 1873 succeeded Lanza as prime minister. In the elections of November, 1874, he was once more returned to parliament.

He has been long engaged upon a work on Europe before the reformation.