Marco Marcos Botzaris (Bozzaris), a Greek patriot, born about 1790, died near Missolonghi, Aug. 20, 1823. His father, Kitzos Bozzaris, his grandfather, uncles, and brothers, were all distinguished patriots and warriors. In 1803, after the fall of Suli, he escaped to the Ionian islands, where he united with other refugees against Turkey. When the treaty of Tilsit restored the Ionian islands to the French, and deprived the Greeks of any hopes of immediate deliverance, he entered the French service as a sergeant in an Albanian regiment, in which his father and uncle served as majors. In 1813 he became a member of the Hetce-via, the great central society of the patriots. When in 1820 Ali Pasha took arms against the Porte, Bozzaris with several hundred followers joined him in Epirus, having first obtained from him the restoration of the Suli mountains. When in 1821 the insurrection against Turkey became general, Bozzaris fought in western Hellas, with varying success. In 1822 he lost the flower of his comrades in a desperate effort to relieve the Suliote stronghold of Kiapha, but continued bravely fighting, until the battle of Peta (July 16) destroyed the elite of the patriots.
He then threw himself, with a number of Suliotes, into Missolonghi, and was one of its foremost defenders till the end of the campaign. On the reorganization of the national forces in 1823 he was appointed a general in the army of western Hellas. In the night of Aug. 19 he made with Tzavelas and others a combined night attack on the camp of the pasha of Scutari, who was advancing toward Missolonghi at the head of a considerable army. Marco, with 350 Suliotes, fought his way into the midst of the camp, near Carpenisi, but was killed by a shot in the face while spreading carnage around him. He was borne from the battlefield, after the victory, on the shoulders of a relative, and buried in Missolonghi. The victory, however, which was signal, was not followed up. Marco was no less remarkable for modesty than for patriotism and bravery. His heroism has been commemorated, among others, by Fitz-Greene Halleck, whose poem has been translated into modern Greek. - The only son of Marco, Demetrius Bozzaris, has been minister of war under various administrations of the Greek government.