Martin Haug, a German orientalist, born at Ostdorf, Wurtemberg, Jan. 30, 1827. By private study he made himself master of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew. In 1848 he went to the university of Tubingen, where he studied Sanskrit; and he afterward studied at Gottingen and Bonn. In 1856 he was invited to Heidelberg by Bunsen, to aid him in preparing his Bibelwerk. In 1859 he went to India, and became professor of Sanskrit in the college at Poona, where he was brought into intercourse with the most learned native priests, and acquired a minute knowledge of their various forms of doctrine and worship. In 1863, under appointment from the British government, he made a journey through the province of Guze-rat, and collected many valuable manuscripts in Zend and Sanskrit. He returned to Europe in 1866. His principal works are: Ueber die Pehlewisprache und den Bundehesch (Gottingen, 1854); Ueber die Sehrift und Sprache der zweiten Keilschriftgattung (1855); Die f'unf Gathas, etc. (2 vols., Leipsic, 1858-'60); "Essays on the Sacred Language of the Parsees" (Bombay, 1802); and an edition, with a translation, of "The Aitareya Brahmana of the Rigveda" (2 vols., Bombay, 1863).