Masaya, an inland city of Nicaragua, in the department of Granada, 15 m. S. E. of Managua; pop. about 12,000, nearly all Indians. It has not a single public edifice worthy of notice; but the suburbs, consisting of immense flower and fruit gardens dotted with Indian huts, are remarkably picturesque. The water supply is raised by a steam pump to the town, from a lagoon of the same name, with an area of 10 sq. m., a short distance S. of and 368 ft. lower than Masaya. The chief industries are agriculture, and the manufacture of earthenware, hats, mats, hammocks, and some cotton and pita tissues. The feast of San Geronimo, the patron of one of the four cantons into which the town is divided, is annually attended by about 50,000 persons. In the vicinity is a volcano of the same name, 2,972 ft. high, the last great eruption of which occurred March 16, 1772, when a torrent of lava was poured out, which covers a portion of land 2 m. wide, forming a gloomy barren waste in the midst of the luxuriant vegetation by which it is surrounded.

Not far from the city are rocks and ruins covered with antique red paintings and rude hieroglyphics.