Nagoya, the fourth largest city of Japan, on the main island, in the province of Owari, capital of the Aichi ken or prefecture, near the head of Owari bay, about 170 m. W. S. W. of Tokio; pop. about 400,000. The city lies on the great plain of Owari, forming nearly a right-angled triangle, with the river which drains the castle moats as one of the sides. It is regularly laid out in squares, and the commercial, ecclesiastical, and official quarters are separate. The castle, now containing the government buildings, is one of the largest and strongest in Japan. The temples and monasteries are numerous, wealthy, and occupy much ground. The Tokaido, or main highway of the empire, passes through the city, which has a large inland trade, chiefly by carts and pack horses, and a still larger business by junks and steamers. It is noted for its manufactures of decorated porcelain, lacquered work, wood carving, and fans. It contains a telegraph station and a government college. Seven miles distant is the seaport of Miya.