Peru, a city and the capital of Miami co., Indiana, on the Wabash river and canal, and on the Toledo, Wabash, and Western, and the Indianapolis, Peru, and Chicago railroads, 67 m. N. of Indianapolis; pop. in 1850, 1,266; in 1860, 2,506; in 1870, 3,617; in 1875, 6,250. It is surrounded by an exceedingly fertile country, with which it has an important trade. It contains a manufactory of Howe sewing machines, two plough factories, woollen mills, a brass foundery, a manufactory of furniture, a spoke and wheel factory, a flax factory, an extensive manufactory of splint baskets and wooden ware, and the shops of the Indianapolis, Peru, and Chicago railroad. There are two national banks, with a joint capital of $350,-000, a fine court house, two magnificent public school buildings, with good graded schools, a large Catholic school house, a Lutheran school building, a daily and two weekly newspapers, and seven churches.

Peru #1

Peru, a city of La Salle co., Illinois, at the head of navigation on the Illinois river, here crossed by a fine bridge, 68 m. above Peoria, and 105 N. by E. of Springfield; pop. in 1860, 3,132; in 1870, 3,650; in 1875, estimated by local authorities at 5,000. It is healthfully and handsomely situated, surrounded by fine scenery, has a very active business, and has become an important manufacturing town. Coal abounds in the vicinity, and is extensively mined. Horse cars run to La Salle, 1 m. distant, the terminus of the Illinois and Michigan canal; and the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific railroad passes through the city. Regular lines of steamers in summer run to Peoria and St. Louis. About 125,000 tons of ice are put up here annually for southern markets. There are four large grain warehouses. The chief manufactories are a plough factory, employing 125 men; zinc works, employing 75 men; a foundery and machine shop, employing 35 men; a planing mill, two large breweries, and two extensive flouring mills. The city is lighted with gas and has a good fire department.

It contains five public school buildings, a good hotel, a national bank, a weekly newspaper, and seven churches.