Joseph Galloway, an American loyalist, born in Maryland about 1730, died in England, Aug. 29, 1803. He was educated for the bar, and practised law successfully at Philadelphia. In 1764 he became a member of the Pennsylvania assembly, and joined Dr. Franklin in advocating the adoption of a royal government for the colony. In 1774 he was a delegate to the first congress, and proposed to settle the difficulties between the colonies and the mother country by vesting the government in a president general of the colonies, to be appointed by the king, and a council to be chosen by the several colonial assemblies; the British parliament to have the power of revising the acts of the latter body, which in its turn was to have a negative on British statutes relating to the colonies. He abandoned the whigs after the question of independence had begun to be agitated, and thenceforth was known as a zealous tory. He remained with the British army in Philadelphia and New Jersey till 1778, when he went with his daughter to England, where he passed the remainder of his life. Summoned in 1779 before a committee of the house of commons to testify on American affairs, he animadverted severely on the course of Gen. Howe and other British officers.

A new edition of this "Examination was published in Philadelphia in 1855 by the Council of the Seventy-Six Society." His literary remains comprise a Speech in answer to John Dickinson" (London and Philadelphia, 1764);Candid Examination of the Mutual Claims of Great Britain and the Colonies" (New York, 1775);Letters to a Nobleman" (1779);Reply to Sir William Howe" (1780), etc.