{People's Atlas)

1140. - Hanseatic League projected between the port-towns and cities of Germany against Danish and Swedish pirates; signed 1241.

1217, Sept. 11. - First treaty made by England was with the Dauphin Louis of France.

1272. - First treaty of commerce made by England with any foreign nation was with Flanders, time of Edward I.; the second with Portugal and Spain, 1308, Edward II.

1371. - Public Peace of Westphalia made between the Emperor Charles IV. and the State3 of the empire for maintaining peace of Germany.

1420. - Troyes, treaty between England, France and Burgundy to secure to Henry V. the throne of France after the death of Charles VI.

1508, Dec. 10. - League of Cambray between Pope Julius II., Maximilian, Louis XII. of France and Ferdinand of Spain against the republic of Venice.

1526, Jan. 14. - The Madrid Concord between Charles V. and Francis I.

1530, Dec. 31. - League of Schmalkald, entered by the Elector of Brandenburg and the other princes of Germany as a defense against Charles V. and in favor of Protestantism.

1555, Sept. 15. - "Peace of Religion," signed at Augsburg, between Catholics and Protestants.

1576-93. - Holy League of French Roman Catholics formed by the Duke of Guise at Peronne as a barrier to the succession of Henry IV., who was a Protestant. Dissolved in 1593 when the king became a Roman Catholic.

1620, July 3. - Treaty of Ulm, between the Emperor Ferdinand II., the dukes of Bavaria, the kings of Spain and of Poland, the elector of Saxony, the Pope and the Roman Catholic league on one hand and the allied princes of the Protestant.Union of Germany.

1630, Oct. 13. - Ratisbon, peace concluded between France and Germany.

1635, Aug. 13. - Prague peace between Austria and Prussia.

1648, Aug. 6. - First peace of Westphalia, concluded between Germany and Sweden, terminated the "Thirty Years' War."

1648, Oct. 24. - Second peace of Westphalia, concluded at Munster, between Germany, France and Sweden.

1660, May 27. - Copenhagen; peace concluded between Sweden and Denmark.

1668, Jan. 23. - Alliance between the States-General and England against France to protect the Spanish Netherlands; Sweden joined the league April 25th, thereafter known as the "Triple Alliance."

1668, Feb. 13. - Lisbon; peace between Spain and Portugal. Defensive alliance with Great Britain signed at Lisbon, May 16, 1703, and treaties of commerce, Dec. 27, 1703, and July 3, 1842.

1668, May 2. - First peace of Aix-la-Chapelle negotiated by England Sweden, the Netherlands, France and Spain.

1669, May 7. - Treaty between Portugal and Holland.

1674, Feb. 19. - Westminster, peace concluded between England and Holland.

1683, March 31. - Warsaw; alliance between Austria and Poland against Turkey.

1686, July 9. - League of Augsburg, Holland and other powers against France.

1689, May 12. - The grand alliance between Austria and States-General; England joined it Dec. 30, 1689 and the King of Spain and Duke of Savoy.

1697, Sept. 20. - Ryswick; peace concluded between England, France, Spain and Holland, and signed by Germany, Oct. 30, 1697.

1709, June 28. - Alliance of Dresden between Denmark and Saxony against Sweden.

1713, April 11. - Utrecht; peace concluded between France, Great Britain, Prussia, Portugal, Savoy and the States-General.

1714, March 17. - Radstadt; treaty between Louis XIV and Charles VI. of Germany.

1716, Nov. 28. - Second triple alliance between England, France and Holland, signed by the Dutch at The Hague, Jan. 4, 1717.

1718, Aug. 12. - Quadruple alliance, concluded by Great Britain, France and Germany. Holland acceded to it Feb., 1719, whence it obtained its name. The alliance signed at London, April 22, 1834, between England, France, Portugal and Spain, is also known as the Quadruple Alliance.

1719, Nov. 20. - Peace of Stockholm between the King of England and the Queen of Sweden.

1721, Aug. 30. - Nystadt; between Peter the Great of Russia and Sweden.

1724, March 24. - Treaty of Stockholm, between Sweden and Russia.

1725, April 3. - Alliance concluded at Vienna by Germany and Spain.

1725, Sept. 3. - Alliance between England, France and Prussia.

1731, March 16. - Between Great Britain, Germany and Holland, by which Great Britain guarantees the Pragmatic Sanction. Spain accedes to it July 22, 1731.

1731, March 16. - Second Treaty of Vienna concluded between Great Britain, Germany and Holland.

1738, Nov. 18. - Third treaty of Vienna between France and Germany.

1742, June 28. - Berlin; peace between Prussia, Poland and Hungary

1745, Dec. 25. - Peace of Dresden, between Saxony, Prussia and Hungary.

1748, Oct. 18. - Second peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, made by Great Britain, France, Hollahd, Hungary and some Italian States.

1762, May 5. - Peace of St. Petersburg, between Russia and Prussia

1763, Feb. 10. - Peace of Paris; Canada ceded to England.

1763, Feb. 15. - Hubertsburg, peace between Austria, Prussia and Bavaria by which the "Seven Years' War" was ended.

1768, Feb. 24. - Warsaw; treaty entered into between Russia and Poland.

1772, Aug. 5. - Treaty of St. Petersburg for the partition of Poland between Russia, Prussia and Austria.

1783, Sept. 3. - Peace of Versailles between England and France.

1783, Sept. 13. - Definitive treaty of peace between Great Britain and the United States, signed at Paris.

1790, Aug. 5. - Preliminaries of peace between Prussia and Austria signed at Reichenbach. In 1791 Congress convened here by the English ministry to form an alliance against Russian aggression. The treaty that laid the foundation of the grand alliance against Napoleon I. was signed here June 14, 1813; Austria gave her adherence to it June 27th.

1793. Alliance between Austria, Prussia and Great Britain against France.

1795, Sept. 28. - Triple alliance between Great Britain, Russia and Austria, ratified at St. Petersburg.

1795, Nov. 25. - Third treaty for the partition of Poland concluded between Russia, Austria and Prussia.

1799, June 22. - Alliance between Great Britain, Germany, Russia, Naples, Portugal and Turkey against France.

1802, March 27. - Peace of Amiens, entered into by Great Britain, France, Spain and Holland.

1805, April 11. - Alliance between Great Britain and Russia against Napoleon I.

1805, Aug. 5. - Combination between Great Britain, Russia, Austria, and Naples against France.

1806, Aug. 1. - Confederation of the Rhine League of the Germanic States, formed by Napoleon Bonaparte.

1806, Aug. 6. - Alliance between Great Britain, Russia, Prussia and Saxony against France.

1807, July 7. - Peace of Tilsit, between France and Russia.

1809, April 6. - Alliance between England and Austria against France.

1809, Oct. 14. - Vienna; peace between Napoleon I and Austria.

1813, March 17. - Alliance between Russia and Prussia.

1813, June 14 and 15. - Reichenbach ; alliance between Russia, Prussia, and England against France ; alliance joined by Austria, June 27, 1813.

1813, Sept. 9. - Toplitz ; treaty between Austria, Russia and Prussia.

1813, Oct. 3. - Toplitz; treaty between Austria and Great Britain.

1814, Jan. 14. - Treaty of Kiel concluded between Denmark, Sweden and Great Britain.

1814, Dec. 24. - Ghent; peace between Great Britain and the United States.

1815, March 25. - Vienna; alliance concluded between Great Britain, Austria, Russia and Prussia. March 27. - France accedes to the alliance. May 31. - A treaty concluded between Holland on one side and Great Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia on the other. June 9. The general congress treaty signed.

1815, Sept. 26. - Alliance, known as Holy Alliance, between Russia, Austria and Prussia, ratified at Paris; joined afterward by nearly all European powers.

1839, Nov. 16. - Treaty of Commerce made by Great Britain with Turkey.

1845, June 25. - Treaty of Commerce made by Great Britain with the Two Sicilies.

1846, June 12. - Washington; treaty between Great Britain and the United States, fixing boundary of British America and the United States.

1848, Feb. 2. - Treaty of Guadaloupe-Hidalgo between Mexico and the United States.

1854, Mar. 31. - Treaty between United States and Japan.

1854, May 8. - Tripartite treaty concluded between England, France and Turkey.

1854, June 7. - Washington ; reciprocity between England and United States, regulating trade with Canada.

1855, Nov. 21. - Treaty between England, France and Sweden.

1856, April. - Peace concluded between France and Russia.

1858, Aug. 26. - Treaty of Jeddo between Great Britain and Japan.

1859, Nov. 10. - Zurich; peace between Austria, France and Sardinia.

1860, Jan. 23. - An important commercial treaty made between Great Britain and France.

1860, Nov. 14. - Treaty between Russia and China, giving Russia free trade territories, etc.

1864, Oct. 30. - Vienna; peace between Austria, Prussia and Denmark.

1866, Oct. 3. - Vienna; peace between Austria and Italy.

1866, Oct. 21. - Berlin; peace between Prussia and Saxony.

1871, May 8. - Washington, treaty between England and United States, settling Alabama claims.

1871, May 10. - Frankfort, peace between France and Germany.

1878, March 3. - San Stefano, peace between Russia and Turkey.

1878, July 13. - Berlin treaty, entered into by Germany, Russia, Turkey, Great Britain, Austria, France, and Italy.

1881. - Second treaty between United States and China.

1889. - Samoan Treaty, between United States, Germany and England.

Portraits on Bank Notes of the U.S.

On United States Notes. - $1, Washington; $2, Jefferson; $5, Jackson; $10, Webster; $20, Hamilton; $50, Franklin; $100, Lincoln; $500, General Mansfield; $1,000, De Witt Clinton; $5,000, Madison; $10,000, Jackson. On Silver Certificates - $10, Robert Morris; $20, Commodore Decatur; $50, Edward Everett; $100, James Monroe; $500, Charles Sumner, $1,000, W. L. Marcy. On Gold Notes - $20, Garfield; $50, Silas Wright; $100, Thomas H. Benton; $500, A. Lincoln; $1,000, Hamilton; $5,000, Madison; $10,000, Jackson.