This section is from the book "Bepler's Handy Manual of Knowledge And Useful Infomation", by David Bepler. Also available from Amazon: Bepler's Handy Manual of Knowledge and Useful Information.
A name given to seven very remarkable objects of ancient times. The Pyramids of Egypt; Second, the Pharos or Watch Tower at Alexandria, Egypt, built by order of Philadelphus about 280 B. C.: it was built of white marble and could be seen at a distance of 100 miles-Third, the Walls and Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Fourth, the Temple of Diana at Ephesus; it was supposed to have been 220 years in building. Fifth, the statue at Olympia, in Ellis, sculptured in ivory and gold by Phidias, the most eminent among the ancients. Sixth, the Tomb built for Mausolus, King of Caria, by Artemesia, his Queen. Seventh, the Colossus at Rhodes; it was a brazen statue of Apollo, 70 cubits high.
The seven Dolours of the Virgin Mary: It is a feast in the Roman Catholic Church, and while it bears the name of devotion to the Virgin Mary, it in reality regards those incidents in the life and passion of Christ with which his mother is most closely associated. The seven incidents are as follows: First, the prediction of Simeon. Second, the flight into Egypt. Third, the loss of Jesus in Jerusalem. Fourth, the sight of Jesus bearing his cross toward Calvary. Fifth, the sight of Jesus upon the cross. Sixth, the piercing of his side with the lance. Seventh, his burial.
Seven is frequently used as a mystical number in the Bible, as well as among the principal nations of antiquity, such as the Persians, Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, et..
In the Bible we have the creation completed in seven days. Every seventh year was the Sabbatic year, and seven times seven ushered in the Jubilee.
We have the seven altars, seven green withes, seven locks, seven troubles, seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God, the perfect Holy Spirit. In light we have the seven prismatic colors, which make the pure white light.
According to a legend of early Christianity, seven noble youths of Ephesus having fled from persecution to a certain cavern for refuge, where they were discovered, and walled in for a cruel death, were made to fall asleep, and in that state lived for two centuries. Their names are said to have been : Maximian, Malchus, Martinian, Denis, John, Serapion and Constantine.
These men, distinguished for their practical sagacity and wise maxims on the principles of life, flourished in Greece in the sixth century B. C. Their names were Solon, Chilo, Pittacus, Bias, Peri-ander, Cleobulus, and Thales.