The Battle of Marathon, B. C. 490, in which the Athenians, under Miltiades, defeated the Persians under Datis.

The Battle of Syracuse, B. C. 413, in which the Athenians were defeated by the Syracusans and their allies.

The Battle of Arela, B. C. 331, in which the Persians, under Darius were defeated by the Macedonians and Greeks under Alexander the Great.

The Battle of Metaurus, B. C. 207, in which the Carthagenians, under Hasdrubul, were defeated by the Romans under the Consuls Caius, Claudius, Nero and Marcus Livius.

The Battle of Philippi, B. C. 42, in which Brutus and Cassius were defeated by Octavius and Antony. The fate of the republic was decided.

The Battle of Actium, B. C. 31, in which the combined fleets of Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavius, and imperialism established in the person of Octavius.

The victory of the German Arminius over the Roman Legions under Varus, A. D. 9.

The Battle of Chalons, A. D. 451, in which the Huns, under Attila, called the "Scourge of God," were defeated by the confederate armies of Romans and Visigoths.

The Battle of Tours, A. D. 732, in which the Saracens were defeated by Charles Martel. Christendom was rescued from Islam.

The Battle of Hastings, A. D. 1066, in which Harold, commanding the English army, was defeated by William the Conqueror, of Normandy.

Joan of Arc's victory over the English at Orleans, A. D. 1429.

The defeat of the Spanish Armada by the English, A. D. 1588.

The Battle of Lutzen, A. D. 1632, which decided the religious liberties of Germany. Gustavus Adolphus was killed.

The Battle of Blenheim, A. D. 1704, in which the French and Bavarians, under Marshal Tallard, were defeated by the English and their allies under Marlborough.

The Battle of Pultowa, A. D. 1709, in which Charles XII of Sweden was defeated by the Russians under Peter the Great.

The victory of the Americans under General Gates over General Burgoyne at Saratoga, A. D. 1777.

The Battle of Valmy, A. D. 1792; in which an invading army of Prussians, Austrians and Hessians, under the command of the Duke of Brunswick, were defeated by the French under Dumouriez.

The Battle of Waterloo, A. D. 1815, in which the French under Napoleon were defeated by the allied armies of Russia, Austria, Prussia and England under the Duke of Wellington. The last battle of Napoleon. On the 21st of October, A. D. 1805, the Great Naval Battle of Trafalgar was fought. The English, under Lord Nelson, defeated the French and Spanish. It destroyed the hopes of Napoleon as to a successful invasion of England. Lord Nelson was killed.