Aged Horses - Usually applied to horses on the running turf that are over six years of age.

Beefy - A horse with too much fat.

Barney - A race in which there has been a " cross" or "sell-out."

Bar - When a horse is prohibited from running or trotting in a certain class or entering for any special purse (he is said to be barred).

Beat Out - Beaten by a distance or from the start.

Bolt - To give up the race by running to one side.

Boots - Canvas or leather appliances to protect the ankles or knees.

Break - In trotting, to change to a run or skip.

Breaker - A horse is said to be a good or bad breaker as regards his ability to get quickly back to the proper gait.

Broke Down - When the tendons supporting the cannon-bones give way the horse is said to be broken down.

Brush - A short contest on the road or track.

By a Throatlatch - When a horse wins by a head he is sometimes said to have won by a throatlatch.

Carom - So called when one horse in a race jostles another so as to interfere with the latter.

Collar - To catch up with the leading horse.

Colt - Usually applied to a male horse until he has completed his fourth year.

Crack (To) - This is said of a horse that gives way and falls behind the moment he is caught up with.

Cross - It is a double cross where the party who agrees to lose either wins or tries to win without giving warning to his confederates.

Campaign - To make a tour through the country during the racing season.

Catch - To fall quickly into the proper stride.

Caution - To admonish a jockey or driver against any infraction of the rules.

Circuit - A number of tracks associated together, such as the Western Circuit, Eastern Circuit, etc.

Claim - To protest; to claim a name for any horse.

Cluck - To make a clucking sound to encourage a horse to greater exertion.

Collar - To draw upon an antagonist.

Colors - The caps or costumes worn by jockeys or drivers to distinguish one from another.

Combination - A pool formed by jockeys or drivers to "fix" an event.

Convert - A term used by trainers; to change a horse's gait, such as a pacer to a trotter.

Cup - When a track is so moist that the horse's feet make deep impressions it is said to "cup."

Cut Down - To run a horse into another and injure his limbs so as to disable him.

Cut In - To take advantage of an opening.

Cut Out - To lead the others from the start; to set the pace.

Daisy Cutter - A horse that keeps his feet near the ground in trotting or running.

Dash - A single heat of one or more miles.

Dead Beat - Beaten to a standstill.

Dead Heat - When two or more horses cross the score at the same instant.

Dead One - A horse that will not run or has no chance to win, or is not meant to win.

Distance - In races of mile heats, 80 yards; of two mile heats, 150 yards; of three mile heats, 220 yards; of mile heats, 3 in 5, 100 yards.

Horses in these positions are declared "distanced" when the leading horse or horses have crossed the score.

Dosed - When a horse has been given a drug to cause him to lose a race he is said to have been dosed.

Drawn - Withdrawn before or during a race.

Duffer - A horse which loses heart or refuses to exert himself during a race.

Entry - The posting of the names of an owner and horse intending to participate in a race.

End to End - A race in which the pace is forced from start to finish, Filly - Usually, a mare continues to be so called until she has completed her fourth year.

Fixed - A race which is decided, before coming off, to go a certain way is said to have been "fixed."

Feather Weight - Seventy-five pounds. If all the contestants in a race were privileged to "feather" it would be a race at "catch weight," although ordinarily "catch weight" means that the owner of a horse can place any weight upon him that he chooses, and he is presumed to choose the lightest practicable.

Flag - The signal used by the judge to shut out or distance a horse.

Fluke - So said when a horse has won a race through an accident.

Free handicap - It is callid a free handicap race in which the owner, if he does not like the weight imposed by the handicaper, may withdraw his horse without paying forfeit.

For Blood - An expression used by drivers when they drive to win.

Forfeit - To pay forfeit; nonfulfillment of the conditions.

Gad - To whip or lash a horse.

Gentleman Rider - An amateur, or one who does not ride for pay.

Get Away - To rush from the score.

Go As They Please - To wagon, harness, or under saddle, as the owner pleases.

Gone Wrong - Out of condition, off the feed, or incapacitated from further use or turf training.

Got At - To poison a horse on the eve of a race or otherwise unfit him.

Handicaped - Weighted according to age, or the distance to be run or trotted.

Hands Down - A horse that wins without the aid of his jockey, and by the sheer force of his own speed is said to " win with [his jockey's] hands down."

Harness - When a horse trots to sulky he is said to go in "harness."

Headed - To lead the way by a head; to be lead by a head.

Heat - A division of the distance of a race, such as half-mile heats, mile heats, etc.

Hippodrome - A race that aims at gate money only, while professing to be for a stake, purse, or prize.

Homestretch - The last quarter of a track.

Hull Down - A nautical term, which, in its application to the turf, means that a horse is so far out of sight (behind) that he has no chance to win.

Hurdle - A fence-like arrangement used in hurdle races for horses to jump over.

In Condition. - A term used by trainers to express a horse's being in good form, or condition for racing.

Jock. - Jockey, driver, or horse-dealer.