Cosmetics. This term is usually applied to any article used in beautifying the complexion, hair, or teeth; or that in any way contributes to enhance personal appearance.Milk of Roses, to Cool the Skin of the Face. Take sweet almonds, five ounces; bitter almonds, one ounce; rose-water, two pints and a half; white curd soap, half an ounce; oil of almonds, half an ounce; spermaceti, two ounces; white wax, half an ounce ; English oil of lavender, twenty drops; otto of roses twenty drops; rectified spirit, a pint. Branch the almonds, and beat them with the soap and a little of the rose water Melt together the oil of almonds, spermaceti, and white wax, and mix with the former into a cream, and strain it through fine muslin. Then add gradually the remaining rose water, and, lastly, the spirit, with the essential oils dissolved therein.Pomatum For the Hair. Soak half a pound of clear beef-marrow, and a pound of unsalted fresh lard, in water two or three days, changing and beating it every day. Put it into a sieve; and when dry, into a jar. and the jar into a sauce-pan of water. When melted, pour it into a basin, and beat it with two spoonfuls of brandy ; drain off the brandy; and then add essence of lemon, bergamot, or any other scent that is liked.White Pomatum. Take an ounce of Florentine orris-root, half an ounce of calamus aromaticus and as much gum benjamin, a quarter of an ounce of rosewood, and a quarter of an ounce of cloves. Bruise the whole into a gross powder, tie it up into a piece of linen, and simmer it in a jar placed in a saucepan with two pounds and a half of hog's lard well washed. Add a couple of pippins, pared and cut into small bits; four ounces of rose-water; and two ounces of orange-flower water. After the ingredients have simmered together a little while, strain off the liquor gently, and let the pomatum stand till cold; then put it away for use in the same way as other pomatums.Hair Oil. Melt together over the fire a pint of oil of sweet almonds, and an ounce of spermaceti. When cold, stir in a tablespoonful of oil of bergamot, and two grains of civet.Cold Cream. Lard, six ounces; spermaceti, oNE ounce and a drachm and a half; white wax, three drachms; rose-water, three ounces; carbonate of potass, fifteen grains; spirits of wine, three-quarters of an ounce; essential oil of bergamot, three drachms. Melt the three first, then add the rose-water, carbonate of potass, and spirits of wine, stirring well, and when nearly cold add the perfume.
Or, - Take half an ounce of white wax, half an ounce of spermaceti, and three ounces of almond oil; put these into a basin, which place into hot water until melted ; then gradually add three ounces of either rose-water, elder-water, or orange-flower water, stirring all the while with a fork or small whisk. Any perfume may be put in ; but, medicinally, it is better without. When cold it is fit for use.Elder-Flower Water is commonly prepared by distillation, using about one pound of flowers to every gallon of water required. As, however, this plan cannot be put into operation by the majority of our readers, we suggest the following more simple method. Take of elder-flower oil three ounces: rectified spirit, three ounces; place them together in a bottle, and shake well, twice a day for a week. After standing, the spirit will rise and float on the oil, from which it may be poured off quite clear. One ounce of this spirit of elder-flowers, added to one quart of soft water (rain or distilled water is the best), will make very excellent elder flower water.Pomade, to prevent baldness, is made thus: - Beef suet, one ounce; tincture of cantharides, one teaspoonful; oil of origanum and bergamot, of each ten drops. Melt the suet, and, when nearly cold, stir in the rest of the ingredients until set.To Dye the Skin Olive. Use walnut-juice mixed with a small quantity of Spanish anonatto. The tint required may be ascertained by dipping the finger into it.To Clear a Tanned Skin. Take some unripe grapes and soak them in water, sprinkle them with alum and salt, then wrap them up in paper and roast them in hot ashes; squeeze out the juice, and wash the face with it every morning: it will soon remove the tan.For Removing The Scurf-Skin On Face And Hands. This appearance is often produced on delicate skins, by sudden changes of temperature. A good preventive is clarified honey rubbed well into the part affected after washing, and allowed to remain.