Farm-House, in rural economy, is applied particularly to the dwelling occupied by a farmer.
The principal objects to be attended to in erecting farm-houses are, convenience, and a salubrious situation; points highly important to every inhabitant of the country, as the health and welfare of all, in a great measure, depend on the choice of the latter.
Beside the general salubrity of the spot where dwellings are to be erected, the. air, water, and soil, also require to be particularly attended to; the. first should be pure and temperate; the second, wholesome and easily obtained; and the soil, rich.
The most healthy place of the farm ought to be selected for building the house, which should be exposed neither to the summer heats, nor to the rage of winds and storms during winter. Many parts of this country abound with rivulets and streams, which, however, are seldom attended to, though a judicious choice, in this respect, is of the utmost consequence. A quick flowing stream, that has a clean channel and dry banks, will considerably add to the beauty and healthiness of the place ; but, if the water be over-run with weeds, or other strong grass, such a situation should be carefully avoided; for, as it affords a secure shelter to every kind of putrid filth, noxious vapours will arise, and produce effects very injurious to health. If, nevertheless, such places must unavoidably be chosen, a northern aspect is preferable to a southerly one; for, as the north winds blow more briskly than those from the south, the air is in general cool, putrefaction is checked, and there will not only rise fewer vapours, but in consequence of the greater density of the air, they will be speedily dissipated.
Respecting the constrution of farm-houses, we have little to add. Instead, however, of thatching them, it would be highly desirable that they should be uniformly covered with slate, or tiles, in all situations where these materials can be procured. But, where neither slate nor tiles can be had, we recommend the covering, both of farm and out-houses, with heath or ling : either, when we)l laid on, is preferable to straw; and at the same time so cheap, that in any country adjoining to heath-moors, it may be procured for the mere labour of cutting and carrying it to the premises.
Having already, in former parts of this work, communicated a va riety of practical directions, relative to the construction, of houses, in general, we refer the reader to the articles Building, Cement, and Country-House.