Gargle, or Gargarism, is a liquid form of medicines used in disorders of the mouth, gums, etc.

Gargles are peculiarly useful in pore throats and fevers : they are preferable to many other remedies that are given on the spur of the (occasion, as they may be easily and expeditiously prepared. - Thus a gargle for softening and cleansing the mouth and gums may be procured, by simply mixing a small quantity of barely-water and honey, acidulated with a little vinegar.

An attenuating gargle, consisting of 6 ounces of water, 1/2 an ounce of honey, and a dram and a half of nitre, will be of considerable service in inflammatory fevers and quinsies, and also for cleansing the tongue and mouth. - A decoction of sage, sweetened with honey and sharpened with vinegar, is well calculated to answer a similar pur-pose.—Vv'ith the same intention, the late Sir John PRIngLe recommended a decoction of figs in milk -and water, with the addition of a.

little sal-ammoniac, as an excel-lent gargle, especially for strangulations in the fauces.

In putrid sore throats, where-the symptoms are urgent, the tendency to putrefaction is great, and the patient's breath offensive, the following composition will befound serviceable : Let 12 ounces of barley-water be mixed with 6 of bruised contrayerva-roots, while the former is boiling. The liquor is then to be strained off, and 2 ounces of while wine vinegar, 1 ounce of tincture of myrrh, and 6 drams of the. best honey are to be added. If the parts surrounding the gullet happen to be affected to such a degree as to render it painful for the patients to employ this composition themselves, it may be injected into the mouth, by means of a small syringe.

An emollient gargle may be made, by boiling an ounce of marsh-mallow root, and two or three rigs in a quart of water, till it is reduced to one pint, when the liquor is to be strained off: it is useful in fevers, where the tongue and mouth are parched, in order to soften those parts and to promote a discharge of the saliva.— Lastly, the common gargle is prepared, by mixing 6 ounces of rose-water, with 1/2 an ounce of syrup of Clove July-flowers, and acidulating this compound with spirit of vitriol: it is employed for cleansing the mouth and gums, and operates as a gentle repellent; tho we believe a mixture of water and vinegar is not inferior to that elegant composition.