309. - Mouldings: are so called because they are of the same determinate shape throughout their length, as though the whole had been cast in the same mould or form. The regular mouldings, as found in remains of classic architecture, are eight in number, and are known by the following names:

Mouldings 221

Fig. 183.

Annulet, band, cincture, fillet, listel or square.

Fig. 184,

Fig. 184,

Astragal or bead.

Mouldings 223

Fig. 185.

Torus or tore.

Mouldings 224

Fig. 186.

Scotia, trochilus or mouth.

Mouldings 225

Fig. 187.

Ovolo, quarter-round or echinus.

Mouldings 226

Fig. 188.

Cavetto, cove or hollow.

Mouldings 227

Fig. 189.

Cymatium, or cyma-recta.

Mouldings 228

Fig. 190.

Diverted cymatium, or cyma-reversa.


Some of the terms are derived thus: Fillet, from the French word fil, thread. Astragal, from astragalos, a bone of the heel - or the curvature of the heel. Bead, because this moulding, when properly carved, resembles a string of beads. Torus, or tore, the Greek for rope, which it resembles when on the base of a column. Scotia, from skotia, darkness, because of the strong shadow which its depth produces, and which is increased by the projection of the torus above it. Ovolo, from ovum, an egg, which this member resembles, when carved, as in the Ionic capital. Cavetto, from cavus, hollow. Cymatium, from kumaton, a wave.