An ornament representing a wreath of flowers and leaves.
In ancient architecture a public market; also, a place where the common courts were held and law pleadings carried on.
A building in which various metals are cast into moulds or shapes.
That part of an entablature included between the architrave and the cornice.
The vertical, triangular piece of wall at the end of a roof, from the level of the eaves to the summit.
A recess made to receive a tenon or tusk.
A common passage to several rooms in an upper story. A long room for the reception of pictures. A platform raised on columns, pilasters, or piers.
The principal beam in a floor, for supporting the binding and other joists, whereby the bearing or length is lessened.
A vertical, sunken channel. From their number, those in the Doric order are called triglyphs.
A building for storing grain, especially that intended to be kept for a considerable time.
The line formed by the intersection of two arches, which cross each other at any angle.
The small cylindrical pendent ornaments, otherwise called drops, used in the Doric order under the triglyphs, and also pendent from the mutuli of the cornice.
Originally, a place measured out and covered with sand for the exercise of athletic games; afterward, spacious buildings devoted to the mental as well as corporeal instruction of youth.
The first large apartment on entering a house. The public room of a corporate body. A manor-house.
A house or dwelling-place. A street or village: hence Notting-ham. Bucking/jaw, etc. Hamlet, the diminutive of ham, is a small street or village.
The small volute, or twist, under the abacus in the Corinthian capital.
The projecting spiral fillet of the Ionic capital.
A building having six columns in front.
A piece of timber placed at the angle made by two adjacent inclined roofs.
A mansion-house, or seat in the country.
A large inn or place of public entertainment. A large house or palace.
A glass building used in gardening.
An open shed.
A small cottage or hovel, generally constructed of earthy materials, as strong loamy clay, etc.
The capital of a pier or pilaster which supports an arch. Intaglio. - Sculpture in which the subject is hollowed out, so that the impression from it presents the appearance of a bas-relief. Intercolumniation. - The distance between two columns. Intrados. - The interior and lower curve of an arch.
Rafters that fill in between the principal rafters of a roof; called also common-rafters. •
A place of legal confinement.
The vertical sides of an aperture.
A post to receive struts.
The timbers to which the boards of a floor or the laths of a ceiling are nailed.
The same as donjon, which see. Key-stone. - The highest central stone of an arch.
A building for the accumulation and retention of heat, in order to dry or burn certain materials deposited within it. King-post. - The centre-post in a trussed roof. Knee. - A convex bend in the back of a hand-rail. See Ramp.
The same as dairy, which see.
A cupola having windows in the sides for lighting an apartment beneath.
The same as corona, which see.
A reticulated window for the admission of air, rather than light, as in dairies and cellars.
Blind-slats; a set of boards so fastened that they may be turned at any angle to admit more or less light, or to lap upon each other so as to exclude all air or light through apertures.
A piece of timber or stone placed horizontally over a door, window, or other opening.
The same as fillet, which see.
An enclosed space, or passage, communicating with the principal room or rooms of a house.
A small house near and subordinate to the mansion. A cottage placed at the gate of the road leading to a mansion.
A small narrow window. Loophole is a term applied to the vertical series of doors in a warehouse, through which goods are delivered by means of a crane.
The same as lever-boards, which see.
The same as dormer, which see.
A sepulchral building - so called from a very celebrated one erected to the memory of Mausolus, king of Caria, by his wife Artemisia.
The square space in the frieze between the triglyphs of the Doric order.
A story of small height introduced between two of greater height.
A slender, lofty turret having projecting balconies, common in Mohammedan countries.
A church to which an ecclesiastical fraternity has been or is attached.
An excavated reservoir of water, surrounding a house, castle, or town.
A projection under the corona of the richer orders, resembling a bracket.
The semi-diameter of a column, used by the architect as a measure by which to proportion the parts of an order.