General Remarks

The joiner's work is distinguished from that .of the carpenter, as being necessary, not for the stability of the building, but for its comfort as a habitation.

It includes making and fixing the doors, frames, sashes, and shutters, also wooden stairs, linings of all kinds, architraves, skirtings,1 and floor boards.

These are all prepared in the workshop. A great deal at the present time is done by machinery, and the work of the joiner is daily becoming more confined to fixing only.

As the joiner's work is generally seen from a short distance, it must be fitted with care and exactness, and requires greater neatness and smoothness of finish than carpenters' work.

The thorough seasoning of the wood for joiners' work is of the first importance. Some particulars connected with the selection of timber for this purpose are given in the chapter on Timber, Part III.

All framing should be fitted and put together, and left as long as possible, before it is glued or wedged up, which should be done, if practicable, in summer when the wood is most dry.

Large pieces of timber should never be used in joinery.

The interior of all joints for outside work should be painted over with white lead ground in linseed oil; those for inside work glued.

Joiners' work is generally put together with the aid of a cramp; great care should, however, be taken in cramping and wedging up to prevent a strain upon the woodwork, which would lead eventually to cracking and distortion.