This section is from the book "Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry, And Building", by James C. et al. Also available from Amazon: Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry And Building.
In Figs. 157, 158 and 159 are shown a few shapes of curbs which are used in connection with flat skylights. A in Fig. 157 shows the curb for the three sides of a flat skylight, formed in one piece with a joint at B, while C shows the cap, fastened as previously described. "A" shows the height at the lower end of the curb, which is made as high as the glass is thick and allows the water to run over. In Fig. 158, A is another form of skylight formed in one piece and riveted at B; a shows the height at the lower end. In the previous figures the frame on which the metal curb rests is of wood, while in Fig. 159 the frame is of angle iron shown at A. In this case the curb is slightly changed as shown at B; bent in one piece, and riveted at C. In Figs. 160, 161, and 162 are shown various shapes of curbs for pitched skylights in addition to that shown in Fig. 149. A in Fig. 160 shows a curb formed in one piece from a to b with a condensation hole or tube shown at B.
In Fig. 161 is shown a slightly modified shape A, with an offset to rest on the curb at B. "When a skylight is to be placed over an opening whose walls are brick, a gutter is usually placed around the wall, as shown in Fig. 162, in which A represents a section of the wall on which a gutter, B, is hung, formed from one piece of metal, as shown from a to b to c. On top of this the metal curb C is soldered, which is also formed from one piece with a lock seam at i. To stiffen this curb a wooden core is slipped inside as shown at D. From the inside condensation gutter f a 14-oz. copper tube runs through the curb, shown at d. The condensation from the gutter e in the bar, drips into the gutter f, out of the tube d, into the main gutter B, from which it is conveyed to the outside by a leader. In Fig. 163 is shown an enlarged section of a raising sash, taken through C D in Fig. 155. A in Fig. 163 shows the ridge bar, B the lower curb and C D the side section of the bars explained in connection with Fig. 156. E F in Fig. 163 shows the upper frame of the raising sash, fitting onto the half ridge bar
A. On each raising sash, at the upper end two hinges H are riveted at E and I, which allow the sash to raise or close by means of a cord, rod, or gearings. J K shows the lower frame of the sash fitting over the curb B. Holes are punched at a to allow the condensation to escape into b, thence to the outside through C. Over the hinge a hood or cap is placed which prevents leakage. Fig. 164 shows a section through A B in Fig. 107 and represents a hipped skylight having one-third pitch. By a skylight of one-third pitch is meant a skylight whose altitude or height A B, is equal to one-third of the span C D. If the skylight was to have a pitch of one-fourth or one-fifth, then the altitude A B would equal one-fourth or one-fifth respectively of the span C D.
The illustration shows the construction of a hipped skylight with right ventilator which will be briefly described. C D is the curb; E E the inside ventilator; F F the outside ventilator forming a cap over glass at a. G shows the hood held in position by two cross braces H. J represents a section of the common bar on the rabbets of which the glass K K rests. L shows the condensation gutters on the bar J, which are notched out as shown at M, thus allowing the drip to enter the gutter N and discharge through the tube P. The foul air escapes under the hood G as shown by the arrow.
DORMER ON MUSEE DE CLUNY, PARIS, FRANCE.
Built in the Fifteenth Century Note the Figure Sculpture at Sides of Dormer.
MAUTH GEBAUDE, NURNBERG, GERMANY.
Hans Behelm, Architect.
Note the Decorative Treatment of the Gable End.