A large majority of the States allow the sole beneficiary to sue at law;70 but besides Massachusetts, the Federal

"The consideration moves in part from the child, although he is not in a position personally to yield an assent to the promise at the time it is made. . . . The circumstances of the parties respecting the naming of a, child are so peculiar, the nearness of the relation so great, and the obligation resting on the father and mother so important and the consequences to the child so vital that the inference may be drawn that the father is acting in the interests of and as agent for the son in making any contract as to giving him a name."

70 Insurance oases are not included in this note.

Arkansas. Rogers v. Galloway Female College, 64 Ark. 627,44 S. W. 454, 39 L. R. A. 636. But see Georgia State Say. Assoc, v. Dealing, 128 Ark. 149, 193 S. W. 612; Priest v, Murphy, 103 Ark. 464, 144 S. W. 921.

Illinois. Lawrence v. Oglesby, 178 111. 122, 52 N. E. 945; Riepe p. Schmidt, 199 111. App. 129.

Indiana. Allen p. Davison, 16 Ind. 416; Beals p. Beals, 20 Ind. 163; Marlett p. Wilson, 30 Ind. 240; Miller v. Bulingsly, 41 Ind. 489; Henderson v. McDonald, 84 Ind. 149; Waterman v. Morgan, 114 Ind. 237, 16 N. E. 590; Stevens p. Flannagan, 131 Ind. 122, 30 N. E. 898; Ferris p. American Brewing Co., 155 Ind. 539, 68 N. E. 701, 52 L. R. A. 305. See also Reed v. Adams etc. Works, 57 Ind. App. 259, 284, 106 N. E. 882. Except for the Code the plaintiff would have to sue in equity.

Iowa. Smead p. Steams, 173 Ia. 174, 155 N. W. 307; Meyer p. Storten-beeker (Ia.), 165 N. W. 456.

Kansas. Strong p. Marcy, 33 Kan. 109, 5 Pac. 366.

Kentucky. Clarke p. McFarland's Exec., 5 Dana, 45; Smith p. Smith, 5

Bush, 625; Benge p. Hiatt's Adm., 82 Ky. 666, 56 Am. Rep. 912; Paducah Lumber Co. p. Paducah Water Supply Co., 89 Ky, 340,12 S. W. 554,13 S. W. 249,7 L. R. A. 77,25 Am. St. Rep. 536. See also McGuire v. McGuire, 11 Bush, 142; Mercer v. Mercer's Adm., 87 Ky. 30, 7 S. W. 401. Except for the Code plaintiff would have to sue in equity.

Louisiana. Civil Code, Arte. 1884, 1896.

Maryland. Owings v. Owings, 1 H. & G. 484, 491.

Massachusetts. Felton p. Dickinson, 10 Mass. 287 (overruled by Terry v. Brightman, 132 Mass. 318; Marston v. Bigelow, 150 Mass. 45, 22 N. E. 71, 6 L. R. A. 43). See also Felch p. Tay, lor, 13 Pick. 133; Bacon p. Woodward-12 Gray, 376,382; Prentice v. Brimhall, 123 Mass. 291, and other cases cited supra, Sec. 367. In Gardner p. Denison, 217 Mass. 492, 105 N. E. 359, 51 L. R. A. (N. S.) 1108, under the guise of a fictitious agency the Massachusetts court showed a tendency to revert to its early doctrine.

Mississippi. Canada p. Yasoo 4c. R. Co., 101 Miss. 274, 57 So. 913.

Missouri. St. Louis v. Von Phul, 133 Mo. 661, 34 S. W. 843, 54 Am. St Rep. 695; Devers p. Howard, 144 Mo. 671, 46 S. W. 625; Crone p. Stinde, 156 Mo. 262, 55 S. W. 863, 66 S. W. 907; Weinreich p. Weinreich, 18 Mo. App. 364; Marked p. W. U. Tel. Co., 19 Mo. App. 80; Glencoe Lime Co. p. Wind, 86 Mo. App. 163. But see Phoenix Ins. Co. p. Trenton Water Co., 42 Mo. App. 118; Howsmon p. Trenton Water Co., 119 Mo. 304, 24 S. W. 784, 23 L. R. A. 146, 41 Am. St. Rep. 654.

Montana. Civil Code, Sec. 2103 (but see McDonald v. American Bank, 25 Mont. 456, 65 Pac. 896; Tatem p.

Eglanol Mining Co., 45 Moot. 367, 123 Pac. 28).

Nebraska. Hale v. Hipp, 32 Neb. 269, 49 N. W. 218; Sample p. Hale, 34 Neb. 220, 61 N. W. 837; Lyman v. City of Lincoln, 38 Neb. 794, 67 N. W. 631; Doll p. Cmme, 41 Neb. 655, 59 N. W. 806; Korameyer Co. v. McClay, 43 Neb. 649, 62 N. W. 60; Chicago, etc., R. R. Co. v. Dell, 44 Neb. 44, 62 N. W. 314; Kaufmann v. Cooper, 46 Neb. 644, 66 N. W. 796; Hickman v. Layne, 47 Neb. 177,180, 66 N. W. 298; Fitsgerald v. McClay, 47 Neb. 816, 66 N. W. 828; King p. Murphy, 49 Neb. 670, 68 N. W. 1029; Rohman v. Gaiser, 63 Neb. 474, 73 N. W. 923; Pickle Marble Co. p. McClay, 64 Neb. 661, 74 N. W. 1062. But see Eaton p. Fairbury Water Works Co., 37 Neb. 646, 66 N. W. 201, 21 L. R. A. 653, 40 Am. Rep. 610.

Nevada. See Ferris v. Canon Water Co., 16 Nev. 44, 40 Am. Rep. 486.

New Jersey. Rue v. Meira, 43 N. J, Eq. 377, 384; Whitehead v. Burgess, 61 N. 3. L. 75, 38 Atl. 802; Deseumeur p. Rondel, 76 N. J. Eq. 394, 74 Atl. 703.

New York. Schemerhom p. Van-derheyden, 1 Johns. 139, 140; Glen p. Hope Mutual L. I. Co., 66 N. Y. 379; Little p. Banks, 86 N. Y. 268; Todd v. Weber, 95 N. Y. 181, 47 Am. Rep. 20; Rector v. Teed, 44 Hun, 349, 120 N. Y. 683, 24 N. E. 1014; Buchanan v. Tilden, 158 N. Y. 109, 52 N. E. 724, 70 Am. St. Rep. 454; Roberts v. Cobb, 31 Hun, 160; Knowles v. Erwin, 43 Hun, 160; affd. 124 N. Y. 633, 26 N. E. 769; Whitcomb v. Whitcomb, 92 Hun, 443, 36 N. Y. Supp. 607; Babcock v. Chase, 92 Hun, 264, 36 N. Y. S. 879; Luce p. Gray, 92 Hun, 699, 36 N. Y. S. 1065. But see contra Lorillard v. Clyde, 122 N. Y. 498, 25 N. E. 917, 10 L. R. A. 113; Townsend v. Rackham, 143 N. Y. 516, 38 N. E. 731; Sullivan p. Sullivan, 161 N. Y. 554,66 N. E. 116; Wainwright p.

Queen's County Water Co., 78 Hun, 146, 28 N. Y. S. 987; Coleman v. Hilar, 86 Hun, 547, 33 N. Y. S. 367; Buffalo Cement Co. v. NcNaughton, 90 Hun, 74, 35 N. Y. S.453, affd. 166 N. Y. 702, 51 N. E. 1089, re-argument denied, 157 N. Y. 703, 52 N. E. 1123; Glens Falls Gas Light Co. v. Van Vranken, 11 N. Y. App. Div. 420, 42 N. Y. S. 339. See remarks on subsequent New York decisions later in this section, and infra a. 84.

North Carolina. Gorrell v. Greensboro Water Co., 124 N. C. 328,32 S. E. 720, 46 L. R. A. 513, 70 Am. St. Rep. 598; Chandler v. Jones, 173 N. E. 427, 92 S. E. 145.

Ohio. Flickinger p. Saum, 40 Ohio St. 591, 601; Irwin v. Lombard University, 56 Ohio St. 9, 20, 46 N. E. 63, 36 L. R. A. 239, 60 Am. St. Rep. 727.

Oklahoma. Smith p. Jos. W. Moon Buggy Co. (Okl.), 169 Pac. 875.

Pennsylvania. Strohecker p. Grant, 16 S. & R. 237, 241, semble; AVer's Appeal, 28 Pa. 179; Hoetetter v. Hollinger, 117 Pa. 606, 12 Atl. 741. See also Sweeney ft Houston, 243 Pa. 542, 90 Atl. 347, L. R. A. 1915 A. 779. But see contra Edmundson p. Penny, 1 Barr, 334, 44 Am. Deo. 137; Guthrie p. Kerr, 85 Pa. 303.