In Witness Whereof, the parties hereto have signed and executed this agreement as provided under Section 1 hereof, this 10th day of April, in the year One thousand nine hundred and twenty.

Certificate of Vote amalgamated textile workers of america, 31 Union Square, Room 707

New York, April 9th, 1920. To Whom It May Concern:

It is hereby stated, that in a mass meeting of the combined locals of New York, Brooklyn and Queens of the Amalgamated Textile Workers of America, held on April 9th, 1920, a secret vote has been taken on the new proposition and the Collective Barganing agreement of the manufacturers concerned, to the effect, that the agreement has been favorably accepted with a vote of 292 for and 27 against it.

Respectfully, H. Fischer, Secretary of Mass Meeting.

Agreement - Cleveland Garment Manufacturers' Association and International Ladies' Garment Workers Union

Williston, Sections 1654-1656.

In view of their primary responsibility to the consuming public, workers and owners are jointly and separately responsible for the cost and quality of the service rendered, it is agreed that co-operation and mutual helpfulness are the basis of right and progessive industrial relations and that, intimidation and cocercion have no proper place in American industry. To provide a means whereby the parties may co-operate, both to preserve peace in the industry and to further their mutual interests in the common enterprise, this agreement is entered into between

The Cleveland Garment Manufacturers Association on behalf of those of its members whose signatures are attached hereto,

The International Ladies' Garment Workers Union and Locals Nos. 26,27,39,37,42, 94 on behalf of their members and

The Hon. Julian W. Mack, Samuel J. Rosensohn and John R. McLane, or their successors, acting as a Board of Referees.1


The parties accept as a part of this agreement, and incorporate therein, except as they may be inconsistent with the express provisions of this agreement, the principles affirmed in the agreement between the parties and the Secretary of War, bearing date of August 12th, 1918, and in the awards and decisions made by the Board of Referees appointed thereunder.

1 Sub-divisions of paragraphs have been lettered for convenience.


a. There shall be a permanent Board of Referees of three persons, consisting of the Honorable Julian W. Mack, Chairman; Samuel J. Rosensohn, and John R. McLane. This Board shall have power to (1) adjust matters which cannot be settled between the parties, (2) to establish periodic wage-scales for the industry, and (3) to see that this agreement is fairly lived up to by the parties hereto.

b. Vacancies in the Board, from resignation or otherwise, shall be filled, so far as possible, by the whole Board before such resignation becomes effective, or by the remaining Referees, after consultation in either case, with the other two parties to this agreement. Any one member of the Board shall have the authority to exercise the powers of the full Board except in case of a dispute wherein either party requests the consideration of the full Board.


On or about October first of each year, the Referees shall take up the matter of wage-scales, and on or about November first shall make such changes in the then-existing scale as shall, in their judgment, seem advisable. The wage-scale thus promulgated by them shall be effective at a time to be fixed by the Referees, which shall not be prior to December first of that year, and shall be the scale in force for the year next ensuing, except that four months thereafter, the subject may be reopened for the purpose of making adjustments in conformity with changes in the cost of living, which adjustment shall be made on or about April 1st, and become effective at a date to be fixed by the Referees which date shall not be prior to May first; provided, however, that the scale adopted for the year 1920 shall be effective as of January first of that year, and that there shall be no changes in that scale before December first, 1920.


a. The wage-scale shall be determined after thorough investigation of all ascertainable facts, with due regard to the public interest, fair and equitable wages conforming to American standards, and to the progress and prosperity of the industry. A united effort shall be made to promote all interests by increasing continuity of employment.


b. Disputes between an employer and an employee in an individual shop, affecting a member of the Union, shall first be taken up between the employer or his representative and the worker concerned or his representative, who must be an employee of such shop, for the purpose of adjusting the differences between them. In case of failure to make satisfactory adjustment, the matter shall then be taken up by the Manager of the Union and the Manager of the Manufacturers' Association.

c. Disputes of a general nature concerning such matters as hours of work, general sanitary standards, general wage-scales and classifications in connection therewith, and so forth, shall be taken up directly by the Manager of the Union and the Manager of the Manufacturers' Association.

d. If they fail in either case to make a satisfactory adjustment, the dispute shall then be arbitrated by the representative of the Referees appointed for that purpose and vested with the full power of the Board of Referees, subject only to a right of appeal to the Board from his decision on matters relating to principle or policy. This representative shall reside in Cleveland, and may be called upon at any time for the investigation or hearing of cases properly brought before him. No case shall be heard by him, or by the Board, which has not first been taken up in the successive steps set forth above. The decision of the representative is final unless and until overruled or modified by the Board of Referees except where a member of the Board, upon cause shown, shall deem it advisable to suspend execution of the decision of the representative, pending appeal.