This section is from the book "Arts & Crafts Magazine Vol1-2", by Hutchinson & Company.
(See the Supplement.)
Avery dark red, almost maroon, may be selected as the ground for the sermon-case cover. Velvet would look best. The diaper pattern should be worked in a lighter shade of red silk, the lines being carefully done with stem stitch, and the ornaments at the junction of the lines in satin stitch. The letters would look best couched with gold thread, sewn down with red silk. Diagonal lines or small diamonds would, perhaps, be the most suitable pattern for gold diapering. Each letter should be outlined with red chenille several shades lighter than the ground. For the outer portion of the cover, and the back or unworked side, a good red silk would look very well, and be easier to work upon. If this were done the velvet should be worked separately first, and then applied, the silk underneath being cut away if preferred. It should have a thick couching line of chenille and of gold thread. The pomegranate design could then be worked at once upon the silk, without difficulty, in ordinary stem and feather stitch for the fruit, flowers, and stalks and the foliage in "laid" embroidery, as shown in the detail.
The silk must be laid down in alternate lines, thread by thread, from one end of the leaf to the other. When this "couch" is prepared, lines of silk may be laid across at right angles, and stitched down at regular intervals, or the kind of back-stitch fastening used in the Bayeux tapestry may be substituted for the more elaborate process. These lines are worked from right to left, each back-stitch taking up one or more of the couched threads, but always a regular quantity. The next back-stitch line must take up threads between the first row and the third, as in basket stitch, the same as the first, thus making a slight weaving pattern on the "couch." In some embroideries this cross stitchingis purposely done quite irregularly, but it requires a very experienced embroideress to make it look satisfactory.