(a) Boil the work in strong lye, and scour it free from all grease or old lacquer; pickle it in diluted nitric acid till it is quite clean (not bright), then dip in strong acid, and rinse through four or five waters; repeat the dip, if necessary, till it is bright; next bind it very loose with some thin iron wire, and lay it in the strongest of the waters you have used for rinsing. This will deposit a coat of copper all over it if the water or pickle be not too strong; if such is the case the copper will only be deposited just round where the wire touches. When the copper is of sufficient thickness wash it again through the waters, and dry it with a brush in some hot saw-dust; box-dust is best, but if this not at hand, oak, ash, or beech will do. It is now ready for bronzing. The bronze is a mixture of black-lead and red bronze, varied according to shade required, mixed with boiling water. The work is to be painted over with this and dried, then brushed until it polishes. If there are any black spots or rings on the work, another coat of the bronze will remove them.

Lacquer the work with pale lacquer, or but very slightly coloured, for if it is too deep it will soon chip off.

(b) Another method is to mix vinegar or dilute sulphuric acid (1 acid 12 water) with powdered black-lead in a saucer or open vessel; apply this to the brass with a soft plate brush by gently brushing. This will soon assume a polish, and is fit for lacquering. The brass must be made slightly warmer than for lacquering only. A little practice will enable the operator to bronze and lacquer with once heating. The colour, black or green, varies with the thickness of black-lead.