This section is from the book "Scientific Sewing And Garment Cutting", by Antoinette Van Hoesen Wakeman. Also available from Amazon: Scientific Sewing And Garment Cutting: For Use In Schools And In The Home.
The second design of this model is a union of the backstitch and the overhand stitch. With the exception of the one in the center, each design is repeated on the opposite side from the one on which it is first worked. Let the teacher begin the first design, but in doing so be careful to show the pupil how it is done, telling her that she must begin and complete without help the corresponding design on the opposite side.
For this second design, count three canvas threads from the line of red basting-stitches of the center design, and put in a line of blue backstitches. Then count two canvas threads, and double the model along the line of the third thread, and put in a line of overhanding in red marking-cotton. Count two threads, and put in a line of blue back-stitching. This finishes the second design. As has already been said, let no inaccuracy pass. When a design is finished, it should be in every particular correct. Anything less than this tends to nullify the educational value of the system, which is intended to be a course of manual training as well as sewing.
Of what stitches is the second design composed? Ans. Of the backstitch and the overhand stitch.
What is a composition? Ans. It is one thing made up of several things properly put together.
How is this design composed? Ans. First there is a row of backstitching in blue marking-cotton, then there is a line of red overhanding, and another line of blue backstitching.
How is the design begun? Ans. Count three threads of the canvas from the last red basting-line of the central design, and begin the backstitching with blue marking-cotton at the red basting-line along the width edge of the model, leaving the thread long enough to reach the edge.
When the first line of backstitching is finished, what is the next thing to be done? Ans. Count two threads of canvas from this last line of stitching, double the model together along the line of the third thread, and put in a line of overhanding in red, leaving the thread as long as the model, both where it is begun and finished.
How is this design finished? Ans. Count two canvas threads from the overhanding, and put in a line of backstitching in blue marking-cotton.