Cloudberry (Rubus Chamcemorus, L.)

The habitat of this plant is turfy mountain bogs. The stem is subterranean, with a woody rhizome, with no barren stems. The leaves are simple, kidney-shaped, 5-lobed, the lobes blunt, scalloped, toothed, plaited. The flowering shoot is erect, unarmed, 1-flowered. The stipules are broad and scale-like. The solitary flowers are large, white. The fruit is large, the drupelets red, then orange. The plant flowers in June, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Marsh Septfoil (Potenlilla Palustris, Scop. = P. Comarum, Nestl. = Com Arum Palustre, L.)

The habitat of this plant is bogs and marshes and peaty bogs. The habit is ascending. The stem is purplish-brown. The rootstock is long and woody, with fibrous roots. The plant is sparingly hairy. The leaves are pinnate, with 5-7 leaflets, which are elliptic-oblong, lance-shaped, acute, blunt, toothed, sparingly hairy, pale below. The stipules are large, membranous, cut. The flowers are few, dark-purple, purple within. The receptacle is enlarged, spongy. The bracteoles are not so large as the egg-shaped, lance-shaped, long-pointed sepals, purplish. The petals are smaller. The achenes are numerous, hairless. The plant is 6 in. to 2 ft. high, flowering between May and July, and is in fruit in September, being a herbaceous perennial.

Hautboy Strawberry (Fragaria Elatior, Ehrh. = F. Moschata, Duchesne)

The habitat of this plant is woods and plantations. It is the origin of the Hautbois strawberry. The whole plant is larger and more hairy than F. vesca, from which it may be derived. The leaflets are short-stalked. The plant is imperfectly dioecious. The flowers are large, white, the petals entire, one-third broader than long. The claw is distinct, bright yellow. The calyx in fruit is spreading, and the hairs on the main and ultimate flower-stalks are spreading and rather bent down. The base of the receptacle has no achenes. The plant is 4-10 in. high, flowering from May to July, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Norwegian Potentilla (Potentilia Norvegica, L.)

The habitat of this plant is wet sandy places, riversides, waste places, and it has been much cultivated. The habit is erect or prostrate. The stem is not much-branched above, stout, simple below. The plant is stiffly hairy. The leaves are palmately trifoliate, with a slender leaf-stalk. The leaflets are inversely lance-shaped or inversely ovate, coarsely toothed near the base. The flowers are yellow, in crowded, terminal cymes, the petals not so long as the calyx, inversely ovate. The achenes are rough. The plant is 6-12 in. high, flowering in July and August, and is a herbaceous annual or perennial.

Fodder Burnet (Poterium Muricatum, Spach = P. Polygamum, Waldst. & Kit.)

This plant is an alien or colonist, sown as a fodder crop in England, and found in waste places and cultivated ground. The stem is slightly angular. The flowerheads and purple florets are as in Salad Burnet. The calyx of the fruit is hardened, 4-winged, pitted, the pits raised, the edges with small, blunt teeth. The ridges are muricate. The plant is 6-18 in. high, flowering from June to August, and is a herbaceous perennial.

Rosa Pomifera, Herrm

The habitat of this species is plantations, gardens, etc. The leaflets are large, oblong, lance-shaped, doubly-toothed, downy. The flowers are rose colour, the sepals copiously pinnate, the petals fringed with hairs. The fruit is round, with no disk, purplish-violet. The plant is 3-8 ft. high, flowering in June, and is a deciduous shrub.