This section is from the book "British Wild Flowers - In Their Natural Haunts Vol5-6", by A. R. Horwood. Also available from Amazon: A British Wild Flowers In Their Natural Haunts.
Chickweed 'Stellaria umbrosa, Opitz. = 5. Elizabethar. SchultzL - Differs from 5. media. L., as follows: - Stem erect or ascending. L'himate flower-stalks twice as long as calyx, smooth: when in fruit, turned down below, straight above, at length erect. Sepais smooth, with raised points. Seeds with acute tubercles.
Erect or spreading", loosely hairy. Leaves as in G. molle, L. Sepals with short awn. Petals longer than sepals, entire, narrow, spoon-shaped, pale-pink; claw smooth. Carpels keeled, not wrinkled. Seeds dotted. 6-12 in. June. Herbaceous annual.
Much branched. Branches opposite, ending- in thorns. Bark black. Leaves ovate, coarsely toothed, clustered at ends of shoots, opposite lower down, with spreading veins. Dioecious. Parts of flower in fours. Flowers yellow - green, solitary, or clustered in axils of leaf-clusters. Ultimate flower-stalks very short. Calyx of male flowers bell-shaped; of female, cup-shaped, with acute lobes. Style 4-cleft. Fruit a round, black drupe, with 4 stones; latter grooved on back. 5-10 ft. May-July. Deciduous shrub.
Leaflets smooth, doubly toothed, margin glandular. Flower-stalks naked. Flowers pink. Sepals fall before fruit is ripe. Styles free. 3-8 ft. June. Deciduous shrub.
Rosa tomentella Lem. (= R. obtusifolia, Desv.). - Leaflets small, very downy below, with many scentless glands. Sepals turned back, falling at length. 3-6 ft. June. Deciduous shrub.
Like R. sarmentacea, Woods, but secondary nerves of leaflets more or less glandular. 3 6 ft. June.
Leaflets scented, doubly-toothed, hairy on midrib and veins below, margin glandular. Leafstalks and flower-stalks glandular and acicular. Prickles sickle-like. Flowers pale-rose. Style more or less smooth. Fruit ovate, smooth. Northants, Hunts, and Surrey.
Erect. Stem stout, angled, furrowed, hollow. Leaves pinnate, shining above, downy below; leaflets 2-5 pairs, ovate, cut, coarsely toothed. Flowers small, yellow. No involucre. Fruit broadly oblong. Styles very short. 2-3 ft. July. Herbaceous biennial.
Ascending. Rootstock stoloniferous. Stem solid, rather slender. Leaves stalked. Radical soon withering. Cauline ovate, cordate, coarsely toothed. Flowers purplish-red, in whorls of 6-12 flowers. Lower bracts toothed, upper lanceolate, entire. Bracteoles very small. Calyx-teeth triangular, awl-shaped, spinose. Corolla-tube longer than calyx. Lower lip with white markings. Anther-cells spreading. 1-3 ft. July. Herbaceous perennial.
Ulmus glabra, Mill. ( = U. nitens, Mcench). - Habit of Wych Elm. Leaves smooth, shining above, with hairs only in the axils of the veins below. Root sends up suckers. Leaf-stalks smooth when full-grown. 60-120 ft. April. Deciduous tree.
Lower branches ascending. Twigs nearly smooth. Leaves large, stalked, smooth, and shining above, acute, long-pointed. Root with suckers.
Lower branches horizontal. Terminal leaves acute, minutely downy. Branches often very corky. Root with suckers.
Lower branches pendulous, somewhat one-sided. Bark smooth. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, long-pointed, bluntly toothed. Upper leaves smooth, shining. Young branches nearly smooth. 50-110 ft.
Leaves roundish, cordate, hoary or smooth below. Leaves on the suckers angled and toothed. Stigma downy. 30-90 ft. March. Deciduous tree.
P. monilifera, Ait.). - Leaves broadly triangular, greyish-gfreen. Trunk smooth, branches ascending. Leaf-buds sticky. Catkins loose. Female flowers rare in this country. Tree has a peculiar list, often to the east. 60-90 ft. April. Deciduous tree.
Differs from last as follows: - Crown more regular. Female flowers frequent. Leaves broadly triangular, with heart-shaped base. Marg-in broadly scalloped, glandular. 60-90 ft. March.