pl. 36. 1806.

Low branching more or less glandular shrubs, with small crowded linear obtuse coriaceous evergreen leaves. Flowers long-pedicelled, nodding, mostly pink, blue or purple, in terminal umbels. Pedicels bracted at the base. Calyx 5-parted, persistent. Corolla ovoid or urceolate, contracted at the throat, 5-toothed. Stamens 10, included; filaments filiform; anthers attached to the filaments by their backs, oblong, obtuse, awnless, the sacs dehiscent by terminal oblique chinks. Disk obscurely lobed. Ovary 5-celled; ovules numerous; style filiform, included; stigma obscurely 5-lobed, or capitate. Capsule subglobose or globose-oblong, septicidally 5-valved to about the middle. Seeds minute, the testa coriaceous. [Greek, a sea nymph.]

About 8 species, natives of arctic and alpine regions of the northern hemisphere, the following typical. Besides the following, 5 or 6 others occur in northwest America.

10 Phyll doce Salisb Parad Lond 1575

1. Phyllodoce Coerůlea (L.) Babingt. Mountain Heath

Fig. 3233

Andromeda coerulea L. Sp. Pl. 393. 1753. A. taxifolia Pall. Fl. Ross. 1: 54. pl. 72, f. 2. 1784. Phyllodoce coerulea Babingt. Man. Brit. Bot. 194. 1843. Menziesia taxifolia Wood, First Lessons 185. 1856. Bryan thus taxifolius A. Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 7: 368.


A shrub 4'-6' high, the branches ascending. Leaves yew-like, 3-5" long, less than 1" wide, articulated with the branches, crowded above, their margins acutish, scabrous or serrulate-ciliolate; pedicels erect, very glandular, s"-8" long in flower, elongating in fruit, solitary or 2-6 at the ends of the branches; corolla 4"-5" long, about 2" in diameter, pink or purple, heath-like; calyx-segments lanceolate, acuminate, glandular; capsule erect, about 2" high.

Summits of the higher mountains of Maine and New Hampshire; Mt. Albert, Quebec; Labrador and through arctic America to Alaska. Also in Greenland and in northern and alpine Europe and Asia. July-Aug.