A large forest tree. Leaves alternate, truncate or broadly emarginate, 4-6-lobed or rarely entire, recurved on the petiole in the laterally compressed obtuse buds. Stipules united at the base. Flowers large, slightly fragrant. Sepals 3, petaloid, reflexed. Petals 6, connivent. Anthers linear, extrorse. Carpels spiked on the elongated receptacle, 2-ovuled, samaroid, 1-2-seeded; seeds pendulous by a short slender funiculus at maturity. [Greek, a tree bearing lilies.]

Two species, natives of eastern North America and China, the following one the generic type.

1. Liriodendron Tulipifera L. Tulip-Tree. Lime-Tree. White-Wood

Fig. 1850

Liriodendron Tulipifera L. Sp. Pl. 535. 1753.

A magnificent tree 60°-190° high with diverging curved branches, the trunk 4°-12° in diameter. Leaves glabrous, very broadly ovate or nearly orbicular in outline, truncate or broadly notched at the apex, truncate, rounded or cordate at the base, 3'-6' long with 2 apical and 2-4 basal lobes, or occasionally entire; flowers about 2' high, erect, greenish-yellow, orange-colored within; petals obovate, obtuse, about equalling the reflexed sepals; cone of fruit dry, oblong, acute, 3' long.

In woods, Vermont to Rhode Island, Florida, Michigan, Arkansas and Mississippi. May-June. Wood soft, yellowish or brownish; sap-wood nearly white. Weight per cubic foot 26 lbs. Cucumber-tree. Blue-, white- or yellow-poplar. Lynn- or saddle-tree. Hickory- or tulip-poplar. Basswood. Saddle-leaf. Canoe-wood.

1 Liriodendron Tulipifera L Tulip Tree Lime Tree W 192