A somewhat succulent low herb, perennial by long stolons, bearing bulblets, the leaves opposite, the inflorescence a few-flowered terminal raceme. Sepals 2, nearly equal. Corolla regular, of 5 similar and equal distinct petals. Stamens 5. Ovary about 3-ovuled. Capsule 1-3-seeded, the seeds roughened. [Greek, beauty of a spring, in allusion to the habitat of the plant.]

A monotypic genus of western North America.

I. Crunocallis Chamissonis (Ledeb.) Rydb. Crunocallis

Fig. 1742

Claytonia Chamissoi Ledeb.; Spreng. Syst. Veg. 1: 790. 1825.

Montia Chamissonis Greene, Fl. Fran. 180. 1891.

Crunocallis Chamissoi Rydb. Bull. Torr. Club 33: 139. 1906.

Annual, glabrous, stoloniferous at the base, stems weak, ascending or procumbent, 3-9' long. Leaves spatulate or oblanceolate, obtuse, narrowed into a petiole or sessile, 1'-2' long, 3"-s" wide; flowers few, pink, racemose, 3"-4" broad, the petals much longer than the calyx; pedicels slender, 4"-15" long, recurved in fruit; capsule very small.

In wet places, Minnesota to British Columbia and Alaska, south in the Rocky Mountains to New Mexico, and to California. May-June.

I Crunocallis Chamissonis Ledeb Rydb Crunocallis 84

4. MÓNTIA [Micheli] L. Sp. Pl. 87. 1753.

Small annual glabrous herbs, with opposite fleshy leaves and minute nodding solitary or loosely racemed white flowers. Sepals 2 (rarely 3), broadly ovate, persistent. Petals 3, hypogynous, more or less united. Stamens 3 (very rarely 5), inserted on the corolla. Ovary 3-ovuled; style short, 3-parted. Capsule 3-valved, 3-seeded. Seeds nearly orbicular, compressed, minutely tuberculate. [In honor of Guiseppe Monti, Italian botanist and author of the eighteenth century.]

A genus of few species, widely distributed in the colder parts of both hemispheres, the following typical.

1. Montia Fontàna L Water Or Blinking Chickweed. Blinks. Water-Blinks

Fig. 1743

Montia fontana L. Sp. Pl. 87. 1753.

Densely tufted, very green, weak, diffuse or ascending, 1'-6' long, freely branching. Leaves opposite, spatulate or obovate, mainly obtuse, 3"-6" long, 1" broad or less; flowers nodding, solitary and terminal or in a small loose leafy-bracted raceme; sepals obtuse, slightly shorter than the ovate-oblong petals; capsule globose, nearly 1" in diameter.

In springs and wet places, St. Anne des Monts, Quebec; Maine, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Labrador, Newfoundland, and across arctic America, extending south in the mountains to California. Also in the Andes of South America, in Australasia and in northern Europe and Asia. Summer.

1 Montia Font Na L Water Or Blinking Chickweed Bli 85