5. Arenaria Féndleri A. Gray. Fendler's Sandwort

Fig. 1781

A. Fendleri A. Gray, Mem. Am. Acad. (II.) 4: 13. 1849.

Perennial by a woody root, pale green, glandular-pubescent above; stems tufted, erect, very slender, usually several times forked, 4-15' tall, the internodes 1'-2' long. Lower leaves subulate or setaceous, glabrous or minutely ciliate. 1'-4' long, about i" wide, the upper gradually smaller and somewhat connate at the base; cyme loose, its forks filiform, several-flowered; pedicels very glandular, 3"-12" long; flowers 4"-6" broad; sepals linear-lanceolate, acuminate, scarious-margined, nearly as long as the obovate petals; capsule narrowly oblong, rather shorter than the sepals, 3-valved, the valves 2-toothed.

In dry, usually rocky soil Nebraska and Wyoming to Utah, south to New Mexico and Arizona. June-Aug.

5 Arenaria F Ndleri A Gray Fendler s Sandwort 123

6. Arenaria Àrctica Stev. Arctic Sandwort

Fig. 1782

Arenaria arctica Stev.; DC. Prodr. 1: 404. 1824.

Perennial, stem woody below, tufted, glandular-pubescent, 1"-2' high. Leaves linear or linear-lanceolate, sessile and sheathing, densely imbricated, somewhat broadest at the base, 3"-4" long, semiterete, obtuse, glabrous, ciliate or glandular-pubescent, generally falcate, strongly keeled by the midvein; peduncles slender, terminal, 1-2-flowered; flowers 5"-8" broad; sepals linear-oblong, 3-nerved, obtusish; petals obovate, twice as long as the calyx; capsule slightly longer than the sepals; seeds smooth.

Greenland and Labrador to Quebec, west through Arctic America to Alaska, south in the Rocky Mountains to Arizona. Also in Acia. Summer. Described in our first edition as Arenaria biflòra (L.) S. Wats.

6 Arenaria Rctica Stev Arctic Sandwort 124

7. Arenaria Vérna L. Vernal Sandwort

Fig. 1781

Arenaria verna L. Mant. 72. 1767.

A. propinqua Richards. Frankl. Journ. 738. 1823.

A. verna propinqua Fernald, Rhodora 8: 32. 1906.

Perennial, densely tufted, flowering stems erect or ascending, 1-5' high, branching, glabrous or sparingly pubescent. Leaves subulate-linear, rather rigid, imbricated below, more distant above, 2"-4" long, the upper a little shorter and broader than the lower; flowers 2"-3" broad, numerous in loose cymes; pedicels 2"-4" long; sepals lanceolate, acuminate, 1 1/2"-2" long, 3-ribbed; petals slightly longer than the sepals; capsule 3-valved, exceeding the sepals; seeds rugose.

In rocky places, Smuggler's Notch, Vt.; Mt. Albert, Gaspé, Quebec; Labrador and arctic America, south in the Rocky Mountains to Arizona. Also in northern and alpine Europe and Asia. Summer.

7 Arenaria V Rna L Vernal Sandwort 125