4. Potentilla Canadensis L. Five-Finger. Common Cinque Foil

Fig. 2230

Potentilla canadensis L. Sp. Pl. 498. 1753.

Spreading by slender runners 3'-2o long, the pubescence of the stem, petioles and peduncles spreading. Stipules lanceolate, acute, entire or few-toothed; leaves petioled, digitately 5-foliolate (rarely 3-4-foliolate); leaflets oblanceolate, obovate or oblong, obtuse at the apex, narrowed at the base, 6"-1' long, serrate; peduncles slender, axillary, 1-flowered, the first from the axil of the second stem-leaf; flower yellow, 3"-7" broad; petals 5, broadly oval, slightly longer than the acute calyx-lobes and linear-lanceolate bractlets; stamens about 20; style filiform; achenes glabrous; receptacle villous.

In dry soil, New Brunswick to Georgia, Minnesota and Texas. Ascends to 6300 ft. in North Carolina. April-Aug. Wild or barren strawberry. Sinkfield. Running buttercups. Star-flower.

Potentilla caroliniÓna Poir., a plant of the Southern States, with longer spreading pubescence, and broadly obovate leaflets which are cuneate at the base, enters our area in southern Virginia and Missouri. It is probably a race of P. canadensis L.

4 Potentilla Canadensis L Five Finger Common Cinqu 572

5. Potentilla Paradˇxa Nutt. Bushy Cinquefoil

Fig. 2231

P. paradoxa Nutt.; T. & G. Fl. N. A. 1: 437. 1840. Potentilla supina Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 304. 1803. Not L. 1753.

Softly pubescent, annual or biennial, decumbent, ascending or nearly erect, rather stout, bushy, 1°-2° high. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, acute, mainly entire.; leaves all but the uppermost petioled, pinnately 7 - 11-foliolate; leaflets obovate or oval, obtuse, 6"-12" long, sparingly pubescent, narrowed or rounded at the base, crenate, the upper ones commonly confluent or decurrent on the rachis; flowers terminal, loosely cymose, leafy-bracted, yellow, 3"-5" broad; petals obovate, cuneate, about equalling the ovate calyx-lobes and lanceolate bractlets; stamens about 20; style thickened below; achenes glabrous, strongly gibbous.

Shores of the Great Lakes from New York, Ontario and Pennsylvania to Minnesota, south in the Mississippi Valley to Missouri, west to Washington, Oregon and New Mexico. Also in Mexico and Mantchuria. June-Sept.

5 Potentilla Parad Xa Nutt Bushy Cinquefoil 573

6. Potentilla NicollÚtii (S. Wats.) Sheldon. Nicollet's Cinquefoil

Fig. 2232

Potentilla supina var. Nicolletii S. Wats. Proc. Am. Acad.

8: 553. 1873. Potentilla Nicolletii Sheldon, Bull. Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv.

Minn. 9:16. 1894.

Similar to P. paradoxa, but more spreading and more branched; lower leaves only pinnate, with several leaflets; upper leaves 3-foliolate; teeth of the leaflets acute; inflorescence elongated, falsely racemose; flowers about 2 1/2" broad; calyx-tube sparingly hirsute, short and broad; bractlets and calyx-lobes ovate-oblong, mucronate, 1 1/2" long, petals obo-vate-cuneate, about as long as the calyx-lobes; stamens 10-15; style fusiform; achenes corky-gibbous.

In sandy soil, North Dakota to Missouri and Kansas. June-Sept.

6 Potentilla Nicoll Tii S Wats Sheldon Nicollet s  574