This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol2", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Allionia albida Walt. Fl. Car. 84. 1788.
Oxybaphus albidus Choisy in DC. Prodr. 13: Part 2, 434. 1849. A. bracteata Rydb. Bull. Torr. Club 29: 690. 1902. A. lanceolata Rydb. Bull. Torr. Club 29: 691. 1902. A. chersophila Standley, Contr. Nat. Herb. 12: 354.
Stem erect, furrowed or striate, 4-sided below, 1°-3° tall, glabrous or short-pubescent above, or pubescent to the base, the peduncles and branches commonly glandular and viscous. Leaves lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 3-veined from the base, glabrous, pubescent or ciliate, the upper sessile, sometimes bract-like, the lower short-petioled; involucre much enlarged in fruit, pubescent, ciliate, becoming whitish and purple-veined; perianth pink, white or lilac; fruit with hispid ribs, roughened in the furrows.
Allionia hirsuta Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 728. 1814. Oxybaphus hirsutus Choisy in DC. Prodr. 13: Part 2, 433. 1849. Calymenia pilosa Nutt. Gen. 1: 26. 1818. Allionia pilosa Rydb. Bull. Torr. Club 29: 690. 1902.
Stem slender, 1°-3° tall, erect, angled and striate, glandular-pubescent and pilose, especially at the nodes, occasionally glabrate toward the base. Leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, obtuse at the apex, sessile or the lowest sometimes short-petioled, pubescent, 1' - 3' long; branches and petioles very pubescent; inflorescence usually contracted; stamens often 5; fruit narrowly obovoid, the ribs obtuse, pubescent, sometimes with low intermediate ribs in the furrows.
In dry soil, Illinois to Saskatchewan, Wisconsin, Oklahoma and New Mexico. July-Aug.
1894. Allionia ovata Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 97. 1814.
Stem angled, often 4-sided below, rather slender, glabrous or but slightly pubescent, 1°-3° tall. Leaves broadly ovate to oblong, 2'-4' long, 1' - 3' wide, acute at the apex, cordate, rounded, truncate or narrowed at the base, ail petioled except the small bract-like uppermost ones, glabrous or nearly so; peduncles and pedicels commonly pubescent; pedicels 6" long or less; involucre shorter than the flowers; perianth red; stamens 3-5, exserted; style exserted; fruit oblong or narrowly obovoid, very pubescent.
In dry soil, Illinois to Manitoba, Louisiana, Texas and Colorado. Adventive further east. May-Aug.
Allionia comÓta Small, of Texas, Arizona and New Mexico, differs in being viscid-hirsute; it is reported from Nebraska, perhaps erroneously.
Allionia Carletoni Standley, Contr. U. S. Nat. Mus. 12: 355. 1909.
Stem stout, simple or branched, softly pubescent to the base, about 3o high. Leaves ovate to lanceolate, thick, acutish at the apex, narrowed or rounded at the base, 2"-3' long, 1 1/4' wide or less, puberulent on both sides, short-petioled or almost sessile; inflorescence paniculate; involucres about 8" broad, softly pubescent, their lobes obtuse, ciliolate, their stalks 4"-5" long; fruit oblong, narrowed to both ends, glabrous, 2 1/2" long, prominently ribbed.
Kansas and Oklahoma. June-July.