Washing Flannels

In washing flannels care must be taken not to shrink them. Wash on a clear day. All the water must be of the same temperature; never rub, or use yellow soap; dry as quickly as possible. In ironing, do not have your iron too hot.

Before washing new stockings, set the color with alum and salt.

To Keep Clothes From Freezing

In winter, add a large handful of salt to the rinse water and the clothes will not freeze while hanging them out. When ready to go out, wet the hands with vinegar, let it dry on, and you will have no cold fingers.

To Prevent Fading

Great care should be taken in washing delicately tinted shirtwaists and summer dresses to prevent fading. All colored goods should be first put to soak in salt and cold water, for this keeps the color from running. Nothing will prevent a garment from fading if hung in the sun. Delicate colors are safer if dried in the house.

The popular "shepherd's plaid" should be washed in warm water and pure white soap, rinsed well in clear water, and hung in the shade wrong side out.

To Prevent Colors From Running

A table-spoonful of black pepper stirred into the first suds in which cottons are washed will prevent running.

Five cents' worth of sugar-of-lead crystals dissolved in a pailful of water makes a solution which fixes colors, and establishes the tones of pinks, blues, and lavenders. The fabrics should remain in the sugar-of-lead bath half an hour or so before going into the suds to be washed. (This mixture is poisonous, and should not be left standing about.)

Green is a very difficult color to keep in wash goods, but by the use of powdered alum in the following manner, it may be retained till the garment wears out: Before trying to remove any of the dirt, plunge the frock into a bucket filled with water, to which has been added a large piece of alum. Let it soak half an hour and then lift it out of the water; do not wring, but hang in the shade to drip and dry. When well dried, wash in a suds of white soap and warm (not hot) water and dry in the shade, ironing on the wrong side.

Alum in the rinse water only will often prevent green from fading.

Oxgall is good to use for grays and all shades of brown.

Vinegar will sometimes revive colors: one tablespoonful of common vinegar to each quart of rinsing water. Saturate well, wring tightly, dry quickly.

To Brighten Faded Colors

To brighten faded pink gowns, put one eighth of a yard of Turkey red cheese-cloth in water and boil till the color is right; try with a small piece of the dress before dipping. Remember it will dry a bit lighter. Blue cheese-cloth used in the same way will freshen a light blue dress.

To Bleach Faded Muslins

To bleach colored muslin dresses that have faded, soak overnight in a solution of one heaping tablespoon-ful of bichloride of lime to a pailful of water. Remove the dresses and boil in water prepared in the same manner. Wash as usual and the dresses will have become white.

How To Wash Silk Garments

Articles made of silk must be washed in lukewarm water and white soap. Borax and ammonia will make pure white silk yellow.

How To Wash A Pongee Silk

Wash in lukewarm water and Ivory soap; do not wring, but let it drip dry, hanging the skirt by the belt.

Ironing Silk And Pongee

Iron rough dry silk and pongee with an iron that is not too hot.

Irons

All irons are better for being greased once in a while, or washed with soap and water; they must always be kept in a dry place to prevent rusting.

Irons will heat more quickly on a gas or alcohol stove if covered with a tin pan to hold in the heat.

Fresh Air Is Essential In A Healthful Bed Room

Fresh Air Is Essential In A Healthful Bed-Room.

When ironing, use a sponge for moistening the dry spots on thin articles.

Sheer dainty dresses may retain their fine crispness till very old by dissolving a piece of gum arabic as large as a nutmeg and putting it in the last rinse water. This is far better for muslins and thin fabrics than any starch.

To iron waists that are trimmed with braid, place the braided portion of the garment right side down on a Turkish towel. When ironed in this manner the result will be most satisfactory. A lace or embroidered waist ironed in the same manner can be made to look new.