Pitch, Wheel Grease, Or Tar Stains

Soften with lard and soak in turpentine. Scrape off carefully all surface dirt that will come off, then sponge with the turpentine. Rub gently till dry and then place in the open air for a couple of hours.

Leather stains on white stockings may be removed by applying oxalic acid, diluted in water, in the proportion of half an ounce of acid to a pint of water. Rinse and repeat until the stain is gone. Wash very thoroughly afterward, or the acid will leave a mark of its own.

Acid stains, such as vinegar or lemon juice, which will very often change the color of a colored fabric, may be removed by sponging very lightly and carefully with ammonia and water, using one tablespoonful of ammonia to four of water.

Iron Rust

(1) To remove iron rust, dampen the cloth and rub well with cream of tartar on the spots; let it stand an hour, then wash; if not removed, repeat the process.

(2) Use salts of lemon, if not too bad a stain; otherwise oxalic acid may be used, but with great care.

(3) Try lemon and powdered alum over steam instead of salts of lemon, but rinse in cold water immediately.

Mildew is a stain caused by linen or cotton being put away damp. It is a true mould and requires warmth and moisture for its growth. It is a most difficult stain to remove and requires time and great patience. Javelle water may be tried in cases of advanced growth, but success cannot be assured.

Stretch the stained part over a hard surface and rub off as much as will come with a piece of soft dry cloth. Rub in a little salt and try if lemon juice will take it out.

The best way is to wet the stains thoroughly, rub them over with plenty of soap, and rub chalk on the place; put the article in the sun, and keep it sprinkled with warm water. Renew the soap, the chalk, and the wetting from time to time, and the stain will come out; rinse well in clean cold water. Lemon juice and sunshine will often remove mildew.

Handkerchiefs are especially liable to mildew. Soak them in a very weak solution of chloride of lime for several hours; then, rinsing them in plenty of water will take the mildew from them.

For strong fabrics, dissolve four table-spoonfuls of lime in one half a pint of water, and soak fifteen minutes.

Stains on carpets (soot or oil.). Rub the spot with starch, flour, corn meal, salt, or fuller's earth. Oil from the street can be treated in this way, care being taken to remove with a whisk broom all the particles that are on the surface; then try any of these dry remedies, repeating till the stain disappears.

To Remove Stains From Mattresses

Place the mattress in the sun and cover the spots with a thick paste, made by wetting starch, or flour, with cold water. After an hour or so, rub the paste off, and if not quite clean repeat the operation.

Mud Stains

On dark clothes, allow them to dry thoroughly before attempting to remove them. Then a brisk brushing will probably take all the mud away without leaving any traces of the ugly mark that would have remained otherwise. If not, rubbing with grated raw potato will often take away a bad mud stain.

Stains made by heat on wood may be removed by rubbing with hot milk.

Instead of wiping up alcohol when spilled on varnished wood neutralize at once with oil, for the varnish softens quickly. Restore color by rubbing with kerosene or with equal parts of oil and turpentine.