Spring Cleaning Of Books

Bookcases should be entirely emptied, all corners well brushed, and the polished parts cleaned in the usual way. While empty, they should be moved out from the wall (if not fixtures) to allow of cleaning behind and beneath. If there are leather flaps to the shelves, they should be wiped with a soft rag dipped in white of egg, then polished with another soft cloth.

The books should be carried to some unfurnished room, or preferably out-of-doors; each one should be brushed with a feather brush, then knocked to get the dust out, and, lastly, very lightly dusted with a clean duster.

For General Use

A feather brush is always preferable to a duster for books, as rubbing rapidly reduces the gilt and makes the bindings shabby.

Gas quickly tarnishes the edges and gilt lettering on the covers. Books are now so cheap that they do not always command respectful treatment. In order that they may last in good condition, the following hints should be remembered :-

Care Of Books

1. Exposing to the heat of a fire warps the binding.

2. Corners should not be turned down or leaves folded in halves.

3. Dragging a book out from the shelf by the binding at the top is hurtful.

4. If books are wedged too tightly in a case they become shabby.

5. Bookcases should not be placed against outside walls on account of the probable damp.

6. A book-marker should be thin : a pencil or thick substance displaces the leaves.

7. A blunt knife of wood, ivory, bone, or metal should be used for cutting new books, not a sharp instrument.

8. If any liquid be spilt on a book, wipe it off at once gently with a soft cloth or absorb it with blotting-paper : do not dry it by a fire.

9. Do not turn a book on its face, or place any weight on an open book.

10. Never open a large book from the ends or cover, but from the centre.

11. Borrowed books should be covered to avoid accident. Ornamental paper book-covers may be bought for 1d. each.

12. Never bend back the covers of a book, but keep them both level.

13. Marginal notes are usually superfluous and undesirable.

Japanned And Papier-Mache Goods

1. Sponge in lukewarm water, using a little soap if spotted or greasy.

2. Dry thoroughly.

3. Polish with a soft cloth and a sprinkling of flour.

4. Finally polish with a leather or Selvyt cloth.

The brightness of these goods is soon entirely lost if hot water is used, as the japanning soon cracks and wears off. Never place hot plates, jugs, or dishes on them without a cloth or stand, as they cause blisters and also leave white marks.

To Clean Ivory

1. Wash well in lukewarm soap lather, using an old toothbrush for any carved parts.

2. Place in bright sunshine some hours, keeping the ivory wet with soapy water to prevent warping.

3. Wash, rinse, and dry.

4. If still stained, clean with a little whiting moistened with lemon juice, or with nitric acid, one part to ten parts water.