4 gills = 1 pint. 2 pints =1 quart 4 quarts = 1 gallon. 16 ounces = 1 pound.

½ kitchen cupful = 1 gill.

1 kitchen cupful = ½ pint or 2 gills.

4 kitchen cupfuls = 1 quart.

2 cupfuls of granulated sugar 2½ cupfuls of powdered sugar = 1 pound.

1 heaping tablespoonful of sugar = 1 ounce.

1 heaping tablespoonful of butter Butter size of an egg =2 oz. or ¼ cupful.

1 cupful of butter =½pound.

4 cupfuls of flour 1 heaping quart = 1 pound.

8 round tablespoonfuls of dry material = 1 cupful. 16 tablespoonfuls of liquid = 1 cupful.

Proportions

5 to 8 eggs to 1 quart of milk for custards.

8 to 4 eggs to 1 pint of milk for custards.

1 saltspoonful of salt to 1 quart of milk for custards.

1 teaspoonful of vanilla to 1 quart of milk for custards.

2 ounces of gelatine to 1¾ quarts of liquid.

4 heaping tablespoonfuls of cornstarch to 1 quart of milk.

3 heaping teaspoonfuls of baking-powder to 1 quart of flour 1 even teaspoonful of baking-powder to 1 cupful of flour.

1 teaspoonful of soda to 1 pint of sour milk. 1 teaspoonful of soda to J pint of molasses. 1 teaspoonful of baking-powder is the equivalent of ½ teaspoonful of soda and 1 teaspoonful of cream of tartar.

For other proportions, see page 340. For measuring, see page 77.

Time Tables. Boiling

MEATS.

Time.

Mutton.....

per

Pound

15

minutes.

Potted Beef....

"

"

30

to

35 min.

Corned Beef...

"

"

30

minutes.

Ham.....

"

"

18

to

20 min.

Turkey....

"

"

15

minutes.

Chicken....

"

"

15

"

Fowl.....

"

"

20

to

30 min.

Tripe..........

3

to

5 hours.

FISH.

Time.

Codfish......

per

pound

6

minutes.

Haddock.....

"

"

6

"

Halibut....

"

"

15

"

Blue....

"

"

10

"

Bass....

"

"

10

"

Salmon....

"

"

10

to

15 min.

Small Fish....

"

"

6

minutes.

Lobster.............

30

to

40 min.

VEGETABLES.

Time.

Potatoes..................................

20

to

30

min.

Asparagus..........................

20

to

25

"

Peas............................

15

to

20

"

String Beans..........................

20

to

30

"

Lima "...............................

30

to

40

"

Spinach.....................

15

to

20

"

Turnips..........................

30

minutes.

Beets......................

30

min. or more.

Cabbage.......................

20

"

Cauliflower............................

20

"

Brussels Sprouts......................

10

to

15

min.

Onions...........................

30

to

40

"

Parsnips...............

30

to

40

"

Green Corn...................

20

to

25

"

Macaroni..............................

20

minutes.

Rice..........................

15

to

20

min.