Save money - avoid waste - keep well - by taking proper care of the food you buy.

A food may contain sufficient nourishment to give it high value as a food and yet if proper care is not taken of it the food may become poisonous.

Food is often exposed to impure air and to dust and filth from unclean streets and surroundings. This contaminates it, and such food, when eaten, will often produce disease. In order to keep food in the most wholesome condition special care should be taken that all its surroundings are sanitary. There are many things that influence the whole - someness of food, among them being the air, the dishes in which the food is placed, the ice-box, the cellar or closet where it is stored, and the other food with which it comes in contact.

Foods may be divided into three classes: First - Those that spoil easily; Second - Those that do not spoil so easily; Third - Those that may be kept a long time with proper care.

First - The foods that spoil easily are milk, cream, uncooked meat, uncooked fish, certain fruits, such as peaches and plums, and vegetables that wilt easily, such as lettuce and spinach.

Milk And Cream - Milk and cream bottles are usually dirty on the outside when delivered to you. Wash them carefully, particularly the top of the bottle, before opening, so that no dirt can possibly get into the milk or cream. If the bottles are not washed out well when empty, the particles that are left may decay and when new fresh milk or cream is poured into the bottles, these particles will cause it to become sour. Never leave milk or cream uncovered. If you do it will take up the odors and flavors from other food and become spoiled for table use.

Uncooked Meat - Do Not Keep Your Meat In The Paper In Which It Is Wrapped When Bought; The Wrapping Paper Will Absorb The Juices

Unwrap it as soon as you get it home and wipe it off with a clean cloth that has been wrung out of cold water. The meat will keep better and the juices will remain in it longer if you will wrap it in wax paper until you are ready to use it.

Uncooked Fish - Never Put Uncooked Fish Into The Ice - Box Unless The Fish Is Closely Covered

You will find a tin lard pail useful for this purpose. If the fish is not covered other food in the ice-box will absorb the strong odors from it and be made unfit for use.

Odors always rise; strongly-flavored food, therefore, should be put on the upper shelf of the ice-box, so that the odors from it will not affect other things in the ice-box quite so much.

Perishable foods should always be kept at a low temperature; in other words, they should be kept where it is cool.

Fruits - All fruits should be kept in a cool, dry place and spread out, if possible. It is not necessary to put them in the ice-box. Fruits are handled a great deal before they reach you and should never be used without first being washed off. As ripe fruit spoils easily only a small quantity should be bought at a time.

Vegetables - Vegetables that are to be eaten in a raw state should be dipped quickly in boiling water to destroy any germs, and then put in cheese cloth and placed directly on the ice to preserve their crisp- ness. Lettuce should be carefully picked over and washed at once. If put in clean cheese cloth and placed directly on the ice it will be much more crisp than if allowed to remain in water, and will also keep longer.

Second - The foods that do not spoil so easily are eggs, butter, fruits such as apples, oranges and lemons, cooked meat, and cooked, salted and smoked fish.

Eggs - Care is necessary in the handling of eggs, as the spoiling is partly due to uncleanly handling, the shells being more or less porous. It is best to wash them as soon as you get them home. When only the yolk of the egg is used, the white may be kept in a cup or glass, covered with a damp cloth fastened with an elastic band; or, if only the white is used, the yolk can be kept in the same way.

Butter - Butter should be kept well covered and in a cool place. If it is not well covered it will take up the odors of the other food in the ice - box, and this spoils it for table use.