You eat in order to keep yourself alive.

The work you do, the exercise you take, the thoughts you think, each breath you draw - all these use up a certain proportion of your body each day. If you want to live and keep well, this used-up portion must be replaced, and this is done through the food you eat. Part of your food furnishes you with new blood; part of it goes to make bone; part of it builds up new tissue or flesh, etc.

Meat has always been considered the best tissue or flesh-building food, and for this reason people have always eaten it a great deal. Most of our meat has come from the Western states, but the tremendously large ranches of twenty years ago are gradually being cut up into small farms and cattle are not being raised in such large numbers any more. This is one reason why meat costs so much. Another reason is the great demand there is for it on the part of our people who do not know that there are other foods that will supply the needs of the body in just the same way that meat does and which in ordinary times do not cost as much as meat. For instance, we can use fish in place of meat much more than we do. Other foods that can be used in place of meat are eggs, milk, creamed soups, macaroni, cheese, cereals, peas, beans, lentils, nuts and bananas.

Eggs contain all the elements, in the right proportion, necessary for the support of the body. They are rich in the same flesh-building elements as the lean of meat, and, therefore, make an excellent substitute for meat. They should be eaten with foods that are rich in starch, such as bread and potatoes. If so eaten, they will take care of your body just as completely as meat would.

Milk contains heat - giving, energy - giving and tissue - building properties. Cream soups and purees made with milk and the pulp of vegetables can take the place of meat.

Macaroni, Spaghetti and Noodles contain so much starch and flesh-building material that they are equal to meat as a food if combined with cheese. The fat that they lack is supplied by the cheese, and when so combined they make a perfect food.

Cheese contains in a condensed form the same flesh-building material as meat and can be used in place of it. If combined with macaroni, rice, etc., it will supply all the needs of the body.

Cereals contain in varying proportion all the elements necessary to support life. They contain a great deal of starch, which is valuable as an energy giver. Oatmeal and corn-meal contain more fat than the other cereals, and, therefore, make a good winter food, especially for hard-working people. Cereals with cooked fruits are particularly appetizing.

Peas, Beans and Lentils are richer in flesh-building material than any other vegetable and can be used in place of meat. Lentils are more easily digested than either peas or beans. If properly prepared, all these make very appetizing dishes. A dish of baked beans, costing about 20 cents, will furnish a family of six with more nourishment than two pounds of beef costing 50 cents.

Nuts contain in a condensed form the same flesh-building material as meat. Some of them contain a great deal of fat as well. They should not be eaten between meals, but, either raw or cooked, they can be used in place of meat. A pound of shelled almonds is equal in food value to three pounds of steak. Hickory-nuts and pecans added to muffins or yeast breads may be used as a substitute for meat. Peanuts are also rich in fat and flesh-building material.

Bananas contain most of the nourishment that meat does, and if eaten with bread and butter make an excellent lunch without the addition of meat. Most children prefer banana sandwiches to meat sandwiches, and they cost much less.

In stating that these dishes can be used in place of meat it is not our purpose to urge you to give up eating meat altogether. It is a fact, however, that as a people we eat too much meat, and you would undoubtedly find yourself much benefited physically if you would cut down on the amount of meat you eat and vary your diet more than you do.

You do not have to eat meat in order to keep well and strong. A great many people never eat meat at all, but find in other foods all the strength and life - giving properties they require.

If our meat supply continues to dwindle in the future as it has in the past, meat will some day be very scarce, and sooner or later you will have to learn to use other foods in place of meat.