This section is from the book "Elements Of The Theory And Practice Of Cookery", by Mary E. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Elements Of The Theory And Practice Of Cookery; A Textbook Of Domestic Science For Use In Schools.
1. Feed the baby regularly, and not too often. Until the baby is four or five months old, he should, in most cases, be fed six times during the day and once during the night. Convenient feeding hours are 7, 10, 1, 4, 7, and 10 o'clock, and 2 o'clock in the night. After the age of four or five months feed six times only; give nothing between 10 or 11 at night and 6 or 7 in the morning. It is usually not best to feed a bottle-baby quite so often as a nursing baby.
2. To warm the bottle, place it about ten minutes before feeding-time in a tall cup of warm water, so that the water comes up to the shoulder of the bottle. After five minutes or so, shake it well, take out the cork, and put on a nipple. Let a few drops of milk fall on your wrist. It should feel a little warmer than your flesh. If cooler, warm it a little longer. If too hot, let it stand and test it again. Never put the nipple in your mouth. It is well to wrap the bottle in a thick cloth or slip it into a little woolen bag made to fit it, in order to keep the milk warm. If the last of it gets cold, the baby may refuse to take it.
3. The best way to give the bottle is to hold it while the baby takes it, tilting it just enough to keep the nipple full of milk. If no one has time to do this, prop the bottle up carefully so that the nipple will keep full till all the milk is gone. Otherwise the baby may swallow air. Take the bottle away as soon as he has taken all he will.
A well-nourished baby is plump. No baby should be thin.
But fat alone is not proof of health. A baby may be too fat. The flesh should be firm. A healthy baby is happy.
He does not cry much. He gains weight steadily. A bottle-fed baby cannot be expected to gain as fast as a nursing baby, but if he does not gain at all something is wrong. Have the best possible advice. Do not go by the way some other baby is fed. Each baby is a problem by himself.
For further development of topics treated in this section see: -
Cotton : Care of the Child. Holt : Care and feeding of children.
Kerley : Nutrition of school children. (Teachers College Record, March, 1905.)
Kerley : Short talks to young mothers.
Dennett: The healthy baby.
Schereschewsky : Infant mortality in relation to infant feeding. In
Hygiene laboratory bulletin 56 of the U. S. Public health and marine hospital service. Kastle and Roberts. The chemistry of milk. (In the same.) McCollom : Feeding of young children. Journal of Home Economics, v. 13, p. 133, 1912. Wiley : Infant and invalid foods.
Pattee : Practical dietetics with reference to diet in disease. See also references following section on Milk.