A leading nurseryman informs us of the reason why pear trees are so generally preferred from Central New York, instead of from further South, for Southern planters. Because in the North fully eighty-five per cent of all the trees grown in the nursery are good and reliable, well formed and vigorous; while in the South not over fifty per cent can be depended upon as trees of the first class. In other words, a Northern nurseryman who buds 100,000 trees can generally feel sure of 85,000 good, first-class, saleable trees; while in the South fully one-half would be too poor to sell.

We believe the remark a very just one, from what we have seen of Southern nurseries. So we think none should complain of our northern-grown trees when they are furnished uniformly at fair prices, in good condition and superior average quality. But we will give credit, on the other hand, to Southern growers by saying that they can raise better pears - larger ones - than any one can produce here. So the advantages of each section are thus harmoniously balanced. We say this much because we observe an attempt among some Southern nurserymen to discourage the purchase of trees of our Northern nurseries, by argument that Southern trees are better in every respect. We do not find their arguments well verified.

Northern Vs. Southern Nursery Trees #1

THE Southern Planter and Farmer, of Richmond, Va., in its last February .No., contains a critique on extracts from The Horticulturist, on this subject, which we propose to notice, although the Editor is perhaps able to row his own boat. First, The Horticulturist states the " reason why Northern pear trees are preferred, is because a larger percentage of all the trees grown in the nursery are good and reliable, well formed and vigorous, while in the South not over fifty per cent can be depended on as first class." This the Editor reports as coming from a reliable nurseryman, and says the remark is a very just one so far as personal observation has enabled him to judge of Southern nurseries. But on the other hand, the Northern Editor concedes the fact that we, of the South, " can raise better pears - larger ones - than at the North".

The Editor of the Planter says the above-mentioned nurseryman knows more than anybody down South, and adduces as a reason for the deficient supply, the events of the war, and claiming that better trees, at least larger for their age, can be grown South than North, because of a longer growing season. After some remarks as regards climatology affecting trees, he closes his critique with the remark "that it is time this matter was perfectly understood, and is tired of hearing any such superiority claimed".

Having planted about one thousand pear trees (and more of other fruit trees), many of which were obtained from Virginia, North Carolina and Maryland, the majority from Rochester, N. T., and having had abundant opportunities of personal observation of all the larger pear orchards of our State, containing at present many thousands of trees, perhaps the writer might not be regarded as an incompetent witness to testify in a court of inquiry on the question mooted. First, there have been no pear trees grown of any consequence on Virginia soil, either before or since the war; and many sent from Virginia nurseries were purchased North. A few really good, first-class pear trees have been grown at Staunton, Fredericksburg and Richmond, but not one-tenth enough to supply the demand which originated soon after the war, from Mrs. W.'s success, near Norfolk, with her 5,000 dwarf trees, now thirteen years old, grown by Ellwanger & Barry, at Rochester. The facts in regard to the matter of transplanting trees from a Northern climate to Virginia, appear to be as follows, in regard to certain kinds of trees: Apple trees remaining in Northern soil and climate beyond two years, and having a fixed Northern habit, are almost worthless transferred to our soil; on the contrary, one and two year old of any of our esteemed Southern varieties appear to bear earlier and fruit better.

This is the experience of the largest apple grower in tide-water, who sold from 200 Yellow June's (E. Harvest), Northern grown, nine years' planted, in 1867, $2,000 net worth of fruit.

Yearling peaches, grown in New Jersey, do well, fruiting some weeks earlier than the same variety North. With pears there is a marked difference in the subsequent health and thrift of the trees as to their birth-place, growing and training, and management of the stocks. The soil appears to impress a vigor of constitution or a feebleness; the one a stocky growth of well-ripened wood, the other, of the same age and variety, a slender, whippy, succulent wood growth, that falls an easy prey to the enemy, blight. I have seen a majority of the latter grown South, and of the former grown North, and many of the latter from both sections, of both dwarfs and standards.

In regard to the longer season which the writer claims as a decided advantage, it might be of utility, provided the same character and fertility of soil, with stocks, heavy strong English or French, transplanted, were used in both sections, but unfortunately when all goes pleasantly in mid-summer, with frequent evening showers at Rochester, Richmond and Fredericksburg, we have to contend with a hot, dry July and August, prematurely arresting the first and most important wood growth which the young trees make in the season, which more than compensates for any length of growing season claimed. If there are any two year old Virginia grown apple or pear trees as large as the three year old Northern trees, as the Editor claims, your correspondent has not seen them.

The village of Staunton, 120 miles above Richmond, beyond the Blue Ridge, heavy clay soils and colder climate, shorter season than at Richmond, exhibited at the last fair, larger two year old apple and pear, and yearling peach, than any grown at Richmond or Fredericksburg. Fertility of the soil and strength of stocks, with cultivation, have more to do with the sire or growth attained in a single season, than a slight difference in length of growing season. Virginia has a great diversity of soil and climate, and while I verily believe there is as good soil for growing pear trees and other nursery stock, here as North, our nurserymen either have not found it, or they have failed in obtaining the best stocks.

We find the Pippin family of apples, and many of the esteemed Northern winter varieties, succeeding well in the valley and Piedmont country, all along the Blue Ridge. We grow the trees well in tide-water, but the fruit all prematurely drops diseased, with copper-colored spots. Our best winter apples are natives to the manor born, and very little disseminated. Early fruits for the Northern market, ripening before the last of August, only, are profitable. Nansemond.