This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The Scientific American says, the practice of mixing iron scraps, filings, or drilling chips from machine shops, in the soil about the roots of pear trees, is becoming general with some of our best fruit-growers. The health and productiveness of the trees are greatly promoted thereby. Pieces of iron hoops, old scythes, and other useless bits of iron, have long been used by the most successful growers.
Occasionally, the "grass professors " meet with some examples of encouragement to their theories. Here is one in point: In the last report of the American Potuo-logical Society, an Iowa orchardist communicates the fact that he has been engaged for twenty-five years in growing pears, and has lost in that time by blight fifty times as many as he now has growing. In 1864 he ceased to cultivate his trees, and allowed them grow to grass, which he kept down by cutting every few weeks; and to keep the sod open he spread a barrow-load of manure around each tree in autumn. Since that date, eight years ago, he has not lost a tree.
The following is going about in the papers: "From experiments lately made with the fruit of the pear-tree) an account of which appears in the Society Of Art's Journal, it seems probable that a new substance may be brought into use, possessing considerable commercial value. According to the analysis of Dr. Hoffman, the oil expressed from the seed, when divested of its peculiar bitter taste, may possibly be made a substitute far olive oil as an article of- food. In illuminating power, the oil is not much inferior to the average quality of spem-oil." .
This is very pretty on paper, but does the writer know how scarce pear Seeds are! We apprehend it will be a very long time before enough. can be spared from planting to make a pint of oil.
A. J. R. The two best varieties of Pears on Quince for market, which you name, are Louise Bonne de Jersey, and Vicar of Winkfleld. Of the sorts on pear roots, we should select Lawrence and Bartlett. For the best three cherries for market we should select Mayduke, Napoleon Bigarreau and Downer's Late Red or Black Tartarian.
The Tribune coincides with our previously expressed opinion, that it is not advisable to plant those varieties of pears which ripen with peaches. Late varieties will be far more profitable. The Bcurre D'Anjou and Lawrence are recommended in preference to the Bartlett, also the Beurre Bose, which is not as much grown as its merits deserve. "In growth and bearing it is quite similar to the Beurre D'Anjou. The tree requires age before producing much fruit, but when it does begin it will grow better each year." We need more good late varieties.