In 1833 I received two species of Osage Orange, M. and F.; the former died, the other lived, and, strange to say, once bore one single fruit The tree was a beautiful one, perfectly acclimated, and had formed a thick, wide-spreading, umbrella head. I never knew it to throw up a shoot from its roots. It was about fifteen or sixteen years old, when a stupid, lubberly lout of a fellow cut it down in my absence. I told the clod-pole to hoe up some weeds around it, and he levelled it with the ground.

I have raised some plants from seed. These do not display any natural inclination to cherish suckers from the roots. By pruning its natural shoots, the Osage Orange will endure our latitude, 42 deg. 30 min. north. Charles Elliott. - Sandwich, C. W.

In reply to T. G. Yeomans, in the last number of the Horticulturist, respecting the Osage Orange, I will say, that so far as can be judged from one plant which has been in my grounds about nine years, during which time it has been removed twice, and not a single sucker has ever appeared from the root My opinion is that it will make an admirable hedge plant If it has a fault, it is a too luxuriant growth. In the winter, one-third, or even one-half, of the last season's wood is usually killed with the frost So far from this being any objection in a thrifty-growing hedge plant, I look upon it as a decided recommendation, because it helps very considerably to keep the hedge thick and bushy, if clipping and trimming is neglected, which is likely to be the case in many instances. Wm. Adair. - Detroit, Mich.

Osage Orange #1

In answer to your correspondent in the January number, who asks whether " the Osage Orange is liable to throw up sprouts," I can state that I have had about one hundred yards of the hedge growing for the last three years. It has been cat down annually, according to rule, and is now six feet high in some places, and has never yet thrown up the first shoot It is not easily propagated from cuttings. I have tried it for two years and not more than one in fifty would live. Perhaps the new method, of putting both ends in the ground and leaving the center above, would prove more successful. The roots do not sprout I cut off all tap roots when I planted the hedge and carefully planted them, but none came up. - J. R. S. - Cl ville, Ga..

Osage Orange #2

I notice in the number of the Horticulturist you were so kind as to send me the request of a gentleman to be informed " whether the Osage Orange is liable to throw up sprouts from the roots of a hedge!" I can, with confidence, give assurance that it will not I have 16 rods of an Osage Orange hedge between my garden and orchard, which has been repeat" edly, deeply, and closely plowed on the orchard Bide, and closely and well spaded on the garden side, without inducing a sprout to show itself. And, further, a few isolated plants were left in the nursery bed to ascerain what they would come to in lat 42° north, and the ground around them used for onions, beets, salsify Ac, without bringing up a sprout And, further, in order to ascertain how late the Osage Orange could be cut down in a hedge without destruction, on the 29th day of June last I sawed down one of these Osage Oranges even with the ground which now exhibits five healthy sprouts from about the stump only. The plants of the Osage Orange are very distinctly of the tap-rooted kind.

The defection of seed so frequently complained of, I believe to be generally a deficiency of soaking. I met, on my first undertaking the culture of the Osage Orange, with the almost entire loss of $10 worth of seed, which I procured in Pittsburgh, although I carefully followed the directions of the nurseryman, in soaking six days and changing the water daily. The following year I soaked the seed two weeks, changing the water, producing tolerable success. Last spring a quantity of seed was set aside in a marble mortar filled with water, and from neglect was not discovered until four weeks after planting; I then planted them. The season of soaking had now been between six and seven weeks, and I believe the seeds all vegetated and the quicks are now equal, if not superior, to those planted a month previous. I have used different native plants for live fencing, with indifferent success, I am now under the impression that the Osage Orange is better adapted for this purpose than anything else obtainable in the United States. By proper culture, the plants can probably be acclimated to any region, hardly excepting Iceland; and why is it not more generally cultivated and appropriated! Without question, for lack of that information bo generally proffered in agricultural and horticultural papers G. A. Meeker. - Jefferson,Pa.

Osage Orange #3

W. Brenner. This unusually cold winter will settle the hardiness of this hedge plant in all parts of the country. But you must remember that because a young hedge two years old, is cut 'down to the ground, it does not follow that a full grown hedge would not defy the frost - the wood of the first being sappy from luxuriant growth - that of the latter being firm and mature, from constant pruning and stopping the hedge.

The Osage Orange #1

I know of no plant so likely to prove valuable for hedges as the Osage Orange. I have cultivated it many years; and even in this climate it is quite hardy enough for that purpose. It is true that very thrifty shoots often have their tops killed down for a foot or more in severe winters, but such branch, es as have ceased to grow in good season, and have had time to mature their wood, sustain no injury. And in a hedge properly trimmed, the twigs are greatly multiplied, and there are no leading shoots to be injured or killed.

The thorn forms .a nursery for insects, and often perishes in consequence; but I know of none that feeds on the Osage Orange. I consider it also more formidable than the thorn; and whoever encounters it, unprotected against its spines, will be likely to remember that time. I have a hedge-row, rather than hedge, through which none who regard a sound skin, would dare to creep. D. T.

The Osage Orange #1

As a tree for trimming into varied shapes, we possess nothing more patient of the shears than the Maclura. It grows rapidly, and will take any form required.

We hare noticed a tree near Baltimore, in " Visits to Country Places" (page 351), which, by topping, had spread in the most extraordinary manner; and we have a plant of considerable size trimmed into a large column, which looks at a short distance like a huge box-tree; its only disadvantage is its deciduous character, and late leafing.